US President Donald Trump reveals himself as woefully uniformed about the basics of geography, incorrectly telling Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi: "It's not like you've got China on your border." He toys with awarding himself the Medal of Freedom.
And, according to a new book by Washington Post reporters Philip Rucker and Carol Leonnig, Trump does not seem to grasp the fundamental history surrounding the attack on Pearl Harbour.
"Hey, John, what's this all about? What's this a tour of?" Trump asks his then-chief of staff John Kelly, as the men prepare to take a private tour of the USS Arizona Memorial, which commemorates the December 1941 Japanese surprise attack in the Pacific that pulled the United States into World War II.
"Trump had heard the phrase 'Pearl Harbour' and appeared to understand that he was visiting the scene of a historic battle, but he did not seem to know much else," write the authors, later quoting a former senior White House adviser who concludes: "He was at times dangerously uninformed."
A Very Stable Genius - a 417-page book named after Trump's own declaration of his superior knowledge - is full of similarly vivid details from Trump's tumultuous first three years as President, from his chaotic transition before taking office to Special Counsel Robert Mueller's Russia investigation and final report.
The story the authors unfurl, as they explain in the prologue, "is intended to reveal Trump at his most unvarnished and expose how decision-making in his Administration has been driven by one man's self-centered and unthinking logic - but a logic nonetheless."
The book by the two longtime Post reporters - who were part of the paper's team that won a Pulitzer Prize for its 2018 reporting on Trump and Russia - was obtained ahead of its scheduled release.
Many of the key moments reported in the book are rife with foreign policy implications, portraying a novice commander in chief ploughing through normal protocols and alarming many both inside the Administration and in other governments.
Early in his Administration, for instance, Trump is eager to meet Russian President Vladimir Putin - so much so, the authors write, "that during the transition he interrupts an interview with one of his secretary of state candidates" to inquire about his pressing desire: "When can I meet Putin? Can I meet with him before the inaugural ceremony?" he asks.
After the two leaders do meet face-to-face for the first time - 168 days into his presidency at the Group of Twenty summit in Hamburg - Trump promptly declares himself a Russia expert, dismissing the expertise of then-Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, who had worked closely with Putin since the 1990s, when Tillerson was working his way up the Exxon corporate ladder and doing business with Russia.
"Tillerson's years of negotiating with Putin and studying his moves on the chessboard were suddenly irrelevant," the duo writes. "'I have had a two-hour meeting with Putin,' Trump told Tillerson. 'That's all I need to know . . . I've sized it all up. I've got it'."
In spring of 2017, Trump also clashed with Tillerson when he told him he wanted his help getting rid of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, a 1977 law that prevents US firms and individuals from bribing foreign officials for business deals.
"It's just so unfair that American companies aren't allowed to pay bribes to get business overseas," Trump says, according to the book. "We're going to change that."
The President, they go on to explain, was frustrated with the law "ostensibly because it restricted his industry buddies or his own company's executives from paying off foreign governments in faraway lands."
The book, the duo writes in an author's note, is based on hundreds of hours of interviews with more than 200 sources, corroborated, when possible, by calendars, diary entries, internal memos and even private video recordings. (Trump himself had initially committed to an interview for the book, the authors write, but ultimately declined, amid an escalating war with the media).
The White House did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
One government aide tells the authors that Trump has destroyed the gravity and allure that used to surround the presidency, regardless of the Oval Office occupant.
" 'He's ruined that magic,' this aide said of Trump," Rucker and Leonnig write. " 'The disdain he shows for our country's foundation and its principles. The disregard he has for right and wrong. Your fist clenches. Your teeth grate.' "
Anthony Scaramucci, who served as Trump's communications director for just 11 days, recounts the President's response when he asks him, "Are you an act?"
"I'm a total act and I don't understand why people don't get it," Trump replies, according to Scaramucci.
Yet the people in Trump's Administration and orbit don't behave as if the President is simply playing a part or acting a role. At the Justice Department, then-Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein and other senior officials run through private fire drills in case Trump triggers a "Saturday night massacre" - an allusion to the series of resignations under President Richard Nixon following his order to his attorney general to fire the Watergate independent special prosecutor.
"They prepared for several scenarios: If Trump fired [then-Attorney General Jeff] Sessions, if Trump fired Rosenstein, and if Trump ordered the firing of Mueller," the authors write.
The officials have reason to be concerned, according to the authors, who report that Trump muses about using a memo by Congressman Devin Nunes, R, as the justification for firing Rosenstein and reigning in Mueller's investigation. He also rails against his own Justice Department, furious that the agency isn't being sufficiently loyal to him personally.
At one point, after the department blocks the release of what the President believes was a pro-Trump memo, he calls Kelly ranting. "'This is my Justice Department. They are supposed to be my people,' Trump told Kelly," the authors write. " 'This is the 'Deep State.'. . Mueller's all over it.' "
Some details are more harmless than disconcerting. Early in his presidency, Trump agrees to participate in an HBO documentary that features judges and lawmakers - as well as all the living presidents - reading aloud from the Constitution. But Trump struggles and stumbles over the text, blaming others in the room for his mistakes and griping, "It's like a foreign language."
In another scene, Axios reported in December 2018 that former New Jersey Governor Chris Christie and Trump met privately to discuss Christie possibly becoming his next chief of staff. After Christie respectfully turns down the job, he asks Trump how the details of their meeting leaked out, since it was just the two of them and first lady Melania Trump in the room.
"Oh, I did it," said Trump, who has long vented about leakers, revealing himself to be among them.
Other moments have a darker tinge. Rucker and Leonnig write that during the early days of the Mueller investigation, both Donald McGahn, then the White House counsel, and Steve Bannon, then a senior White House adviser, try to convince Ty Cobb - the lawyer tasked, at the time, with overseeing the White House 's involvement in the probe - to remove Trump's daughter Ivanka and son-in-law Jared Kushner, both senior advisers, from the White House staff, to protect the President during the ongoing investigation.
" 'You need to shoot them in the [expletive] head,' Bannon jokingly told Cobb," the authors write.
Trump was "verbally and emotionally abusive" towards former Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen, the book reports, and routinely complained she was not doing enough about illegal immigration and the border.
According to the book, "He made fun of her stature and believed that at about 5 feet 4 inches she was not physically intimidating. 'She's so short,' Trump would tell others about Nielsen. She and Kelly would try to make light of it. Kelly would rib her and say, 'But you've got those little fists of fury!' "
When Nielsen - who had received threats against her life as the public face of the Administration's hard-line immigration policy - eventually left the government, she did so without any prearranged continuing security detail, which must be requested by the chief of staff and authorised by the president.
"When some of her international counterparts visited Washington, they offered to hire personal security for Nielsen to protect her, but she declined," write the authors. "'That would look horrible,' Nielsen told them. 'Can you imagine the story? Foreign governments provide security because the US won't?' "
The duo opens one chapter with the case of Rob Porter - the former White House staff secretary who was ultimately pushed out of his job amid allegations of domestic abuse from his two ex-wives. After a photo surfaces on the Internet of Colbie Holderness, one of his ex-wives, sporting a black eye that she alleges Porter gave her, Trump offers a competing theory.
"Maybe, Trump said, Holderness purposefully ran into a refrigerator to give herself bruises and try to get money out of Porter?" they write.
Near the end of the book, Rucker and Leonnig delve into tensions between Mueller and Attorney General William Barr. Mueller and his team are frustrated when Barr releases an initial, four-page letter summarising the "principal conclusions" of Mueller's 448-page report, which they do not believe sufficiently captures the context, nature and substance of Mueller's full investigation.
"Inside the bunker of Mueller's lawyers, Barr's letter stung," write the authors. "Members of the special counsel team would later describe Mueller's reaction: He looked as if he'd been slapped."
After Mueller writes a letter to Barr expressing his frustrations, the authors report that Barr calls Mueller, resulting in a testy phone conversation.
" 'What the hell, Bob?' Barr asked," they write. "'What's up with this letter? Why didn't you pick up the phone and call me?'"
Barr complains that his team offered Mueller's team an opportunity to review his letter before it went out and they declined - "We're flabbergasted here," Barr says, according to the book - but the call ultimately ends on "an uplifting note."
Some of the modest details in the book end up having larger consequences. After Trump bungles his India-China geography and seems to dismiss the threat China poses to India, for instance, the authors write that "Modi's eyes bulged out in surprise."
"Modi's expression gradually shifted, from shock and concern to resignation," they continue, adding that one Trump aide concludes Modi likely "left that meeting and said, 'This is not a serious man. I cannot count on this man as a partner'."
After the meeting, the aide explains to them, " 'the Indians took a step back' in their diplomatic relations with the United States."