WARNING: Graphic content
A man accused of being an Islamic State sympathiser has been found guilty by a jury of possessing propaganda-style material for the terrorist organisation.
However, he has been acquitted on other charges for allegedly possessing a graphic video depicting a prisoner being decapitated and possession of an offensive weapon.
The 32-year-old, known only as S due to an interim suppression order, was on trial in the High Court at Auckland for the past week.
Today, the jury returned verdicts over three charges of possessing an objectionable publication relating to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isil), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (Isis).
S was also charged with failing to comply with a police search, for which the jury found him guilty.
The three publications were two audio videos with nasheeds (hymns and chants) and a seven-minute, violently graphic, Isis propaganda video.
S was found guilty of possessing the two nasheed publications but not guilty of possessing the longer video.
The material has since been declared objectionable by the Chief Censor for promoting acts of extreme violence, cruelty and terrorism. It was only the second time the Office of Film and Literature Classification was asked to look at Isis-related material.
Isis, also known by its Arabic name Daesh, is a designated terrorist organisation which at its peak in 2015 held large areas of Iraq and Syria in its quest to establish an Islamic state under Sharia law.
In his own words when giving evidence, S claimed he was interested only in the centuries-old Islamic State established by the prophet Muhammad and learning about his religion.
He was convicted by Justice Sally Fitzgerald of the charges he was found guilty of and remanded in custody until his sentencing in July.
S came to New Zealand in October 2011 and for the first few years of his new Kiwi life showed no signs of supporting extremist beliefs.
However, in autumn 2016 he came to the attention of New Zealand Police. It was because of what was being posted to his Facebook page.
There were videos and pictures depicting graphic war-related violence, comments advocating for violent extremism and support for Isis terrorists involved in the Paris attacks in November 2015 and the Brussels bombing in March 2016.
Police knocked on his door in April and May 2016, giving him a formal warning and advising him possession of such material was an offence against the Films, Videos, and Publications Classification Act 1993.
S was apologetic, court papers obtained by the Herald record, and said he had shut down his Facebook account.
But in July, S was back on social media after reopening two Facebook accounts.
Police discovered the accounts in October and also found S was operating three separate pages. The accounts were monitored and in December several posts, including videos and photos, concerned police.
It depicted extreme violence and atrocities committed against Muslims, court papers read, including a video described as the Indian Army executing a Kashmiri civilian, another of a body being driven over by a tank, and images of dead and mutilated children.
In March 2017, police conducted a specific content search of shared posts and content on Facebook and identified S had operated - since September 2015 - another account under the name of "For Allah".
Two months later, he was arrested at Auckland International Airport.
S was about to leave on a one-way flight to Malaysia and travel on to Singapore. He later said he was going for a holiday.
A search was also carried out at his apartment in May 2017.
A large hunting knife was found under his bed, which S later told his High Court jury was for his own protection.
His iPhone was also seized but S refused to provide the password. He told police the posts were shared because he wanted to show others what was happening to Muslims throughout the world.
Remanded in custody and denied bail, S would later plead guilty in June 2018 to representative charges of knowingly distributing restricted publications and other unrelated offences over credit card use. Police withdrew a charge relating to the knife.
In September 2018, Justice Edwin Wylie imposed a sentence of supervision.
However, in the time between pleading guilty and being sentenced, S continued his online infatuation with Isis.
While he had initially been scheduled for sentencing on August 7, 2018, the trial heard, he was considering changing his pleas to not guilty.
S entered the High Court at about 8.13am that day and left at about 8.40am, the court heard. During that time in the historic courthouse, however, he searched for "Isis allegiance" and news stories about Islamic State.
The next day he went to an East Tamaki shop and bought an identical hunting knife to the one police had earlier seized.
"Exact same knife, same colour, same price, different place," S told his jury when giving evidence.
Crown prosecutor Henry Steele told the jury it was "not the sort of knife you'd have in your kitchen drawer".
The hunting knife, in a camouflage sheath, was couriered to an Auckland mosque, where S was a resident at the time, at his request. His jury, however, found S was never in possession of the knife in a public place - an argument put forth by his lawyer Kieran Raftery QC.
During his evidence, S also said he had a right to arm himself with the knife for protection.
"You're worried about one knife, I am telling you I will buy 10 knives. It's about my rights."
While awaiting the delivery of the knife, S frequently checked the track and trace number online, before being arrested at about 4.40pm on August 9, 2018.
Police seized his electronic devices.
He again declined to provide police with his pin code, but his tablet and phone were eventually accessed and revealed a dark and violent internet history from after he was granted electronically-monitored bail.
Steele told the jury he couldn't take them inside the thoughts of S at the time "but I can get you pretty close".
The internet history, laid out in an extensive timeline for court, revealed a "window into his mind".
"We can infer what he's thinking, what he's intending," Steele said.
Internet searches, some of which had been electronically bookmarked, included "safety and security guidelines for lone-wolf mujahideen", looking for a hunting knife, camouflage pants, Islamic State dress and New Zealand prison clothes and food.
S also made efforts to research the case of Imran Patel, an Isis supporter and the first person in New Zealand jailed for distributing extremist videos. Patel was stopped at Auckland International Airport trying to leave for Syria with a companion.
The internet history on S's devices further revealed a booklet for Isis operatives to help them avoid detection by Western countries' security and intelligence agencies.
"How to survive in the west a mujahid guide," was another Google search.
An internet video also purported to provide instructions on "How to attack kuffar and how to make explosive devices". Kuffar, or kafir, is an Arabic term used to describe an infidel or non-believer.
The nasheeds, one of which was called "What a victory for he who got Shahada", and the video were also discovered and later played for the jury. S admitted to posting some of the lyrics on his personal Facebook account.
The Shahada nasheed - a reference to martyrdom - featured a black-clad fighter with a machine gun, Isis flag, and lyrics advocating for Jihad and decapitation.
The other, titled "We came to fill horror everywhere", depicts men dressed in black with assault rifles, the Isis flag and a city on fire.
"We will drink from the blood of disbelievers," the lyrics said.
S, who said he watched the nasheed videos several times, told the court: "You guys, making a big thing about the lyrics."
In explanation, he compared the nasheeds to the haka.
"You guys have Māori war cries," he told the jury.
The graphic video, described as a "how to kill non-Muslims", showed a prisoner of Isis having their throat and wrists cut and another running with an explosive device strapped to him before exploding. S was found not guilty of possessing the video, which was viewed only once, the court heard.
Combative throughout the trial with frequent outbursts towards Justice Fitzgerald, S said the Crown had wasted years of his life.
"I thank God, there have been prophets, other prophets who have been to prison," he said.
"It's just like a test … You guys put me in prison cause I'm a Muslim and you don't like my religion, that makes you an enemy. Allah says you will be punished."