Governors in the US Midwest are working to keep large meatpacking plants operating despite coronavirus outbreaks that have sickened hundreds of workers and threaten to disrupt the nation's supply of pork and beef.
In Kansas, Laura Kelly sent personal protective equipment and testing supplies to counties with meat processing plants. Kristi Noem said she didn't think it would be difficult to fulfill federal requirements to reopen a shuttered facility in South Dakota. And in Iowa Kim Reynolds warned of the dire cost of closing plants, even as she acknowledged the certainty of more clusters of infection at the facilities.
JBS USA said Monday it was suspending operations at a large pork processing plant in southwestern Minnesota because of an outbreak of Covid-19 among workers — the latest facility to be closed in the public health crisis.
Minnesota Health Commissioner Jan Malcolm said 33 JBS employees and six close relatives had tested positive as of Saturday.
Meat processing workers are particularly susceptible to the virus because they typically stand shoulder-to-shoulder on the line and congregate in crowded locker rooms and cafeterias.
The JBS plant in Worthington employs more than 2000 people and normally slaughters 20,000 hogs per day.
"We don't make this decision lightly," Bob Krebs, president of Colorado-based JBS USA Pork, said in a statement. "We recognise JBS Worthington is critical to local hog producers, the US food supply and the many businesses that support the facility."
Iowa's governor has also warned of the threat to food supply if authorities clamp down too hard on facilities with outbreaks, and has refused to shutter a sprawling Tyson Foods pork processing facility in Waterloo where dozens of workers are infected.
Reynolds said the state is working with meat companies to test workers and prevent outbreaks from growing too large, even as she acknowledged that more "clusters of positive cases" are certain.
"These are also essential businesses and an essential workforce," she said. "Without them, people's lives and our food supply will be impacted. So we must do our part to keep them open in a safe and responsible way."
Reynolds noted that Iowa produces about one-third of the nation's pork. If hogs can't be processed, farmers will have to euthanise them, the governor warned.
"We're not that far from it and it will be devastating, not only for the food supply but for the cost of food moving forward," she said.
Advocates for workers said Reynolds has little regard for a vulnerable workforce that includes many refugees and immigrants.
"It's sickening," said Democratic state Senator Bill Dotzler of Waterloo, who has called for a temporary closure and stronger worker protections. Hospitals and medical clinics in his city reported a surge in patients Monday, and many of them were Tyson employees.
A National Beef plant in Tama, Iowa, that had been closed for two weeks resumed production on Monday as scheduled. A day earlier, Reynolds announced that 177 workers out of more than 500 tested were positive for the coronavirus. The Kansas City, Missouri-based company didn't return messages.
Cargill and National Beef have reported infections among employees at plants in southwest Kansas, prompting Kelly to direct an influx of federal tests and safety equipment to counties in that region. Tyson also has plants there but has not confirmed infections.
Controlling those outbreaks is crucial: Plants in southwest Kansas account for 25 to 30 per cent of beef processing in the US.
"It would be a disaster if we had to shut down, so we're trying to do everything that we can to keep those plants online," Kelly told the Associated Press.
South Dakota's governor said the temporary closure of a Smithfield Foods pork plant that produces about 5 per cent of the US pork supply has already been "devastating" for regional producers.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations for safely reopening the Sioux Falls plant will be made public soon, Noem said. Its report will call for improved social distancing, expanded use of face shields and other protective equipment, and better communication between the company and workers.
"There's nothing in this report that I think will be difficult to accomplish," said Noem. She declined to say how soon it might reopen.
Smithfield Foods has said the indefinite closure disrupted its supply chain, forcing the closure of a facility in Martin City, Missouri. Smithfield also shuttered a plant in Cudahy, Wisconsin, after employees tested positive for the virus.
Also in Wisconsin, a surge of infections has been linked to the JBS Packerland plant in Green Bay.
Health officials said they didn't have an exact number of infections connected to the plant, but infections spiked by more than 100 in the surrounding county over the weekend. The plant remains open.
In western Michigan, a JBS meat packing plant that was closed over the weekend reopened Monday. Sixty people there have tested positive for the coronavirus, Allegan County health spokeswoman Lindsay Maunz told WOOD-TV.