United States President Donald Trump expressed qualms today about extending the current 15-day shutdown recommended by the federal Government, even as his officials warned that the coronavirus crisis is deepening
Congress ran into more roadblocks trying to complete a nearly US$2 trillion ($3.5t) economic rescue package.
At the Capitol, tempers flared and emotions were raw as senators wrangled over critically needed aid.
Democrats blocked another vote to advance the package, trying to steer more of the assistance to public health and workers. They argue the package is tilted towards corporations.
Trump sounded a note of impatience about the two weeks of suspended public activities his Administration recommended Americans live through starting a week ago.
• Coronavirus: Four Auckland schools linked to Covid-19 in one day
• Coronavirus: What Covid-19 alert levels 3 and 4 mean for you and your family
• Covid 19 coronavirus: Shoppers swarm supermarkets, alcohol stores before lockdown
• Covid-19 coronavirus: What will alert level 4 mean for New Zealand?
In all capital letters, he tweeted: "We cannot let the cure be worse than the problem itself. At the end of the 15-day period, we will make a decision as to which way we want to go."
His suggestion that the remedies may be more harmful than the outbreak contradicts the advice of medical experts across the country.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi assailed Trump's apparent wavering on the federal response and statements he's made about the pandemic that some of his public-health officials have had to walk back.
"He's a notion-monger, just tossing out things that have no relationship to a well coordinated, science-based, government-wide response to this," she said on a health-care conference call.
"Thank God for the governors who are taking the lead in their state. Thank God for some of the people in the administration who speak truth to power."
A week ago, the White House came out with a "15 Days to Stop the Spread" plan that encouraged Americans to work from home and avoid bars, restaurants and discretionary travel, as well as groups of more than 10 people. It also told older Americans and those with serious underlying health conditions that they should stay home and away from other people.
Since then, states that have become hot spots for the virus have implemented even more radical measures, which the White House has applauded.
Yet yesterday, Vice-President Mike Pence said the country should expect new federal guidance "which will make it possible for people that have been exposed to return to work more quickly with - by wearing a mask for a certain period of time."
Today, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin was back on Capitol Hill after officials worked through the night on the massive economic rescue plan.
"We're making a lot of progress," Mnuchin said as he shuttled through the halls.
The top Senate Democrat, Chuck Schumer of New York, said: "We're very close to reaching a deal."
Yet, another attempt to move the package forward snagged.
At the Capitol, the virus has struck close. Republican Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky, who announced he tested positive for coronavirus, is now among five senators under self-quarantine.
Several other lawmakers have cycled in and out of isolation. And the husband of Senator Amy Klobuchar, is in a hospital with pneumonia after testing positive, she said today.
Democrats are holding out as they arguing the package is tilted towards corporations and did too little to help workers and healthcare providers.
Schumer said earlier the bill would "affect this country and the lives of Americans, not just for the next few days, but in the next few months and years — so we have to make sure it is good."
As talks progressed, Pelosi came out with the House Democrats' own sweeping bill, urging Senate negotiators "to move closer to the values" in it. "We must be bold and forward looking," she said.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell fumed, warning Democrats — and Pelosi in particular — to quit stalling on "political games" and strike a deal. Other Republicans joined with fiery arguments on the Senate floor.
"It's time to get with the programme, time to pass historic relief," McConnell said as he opened the chamber. "The eyes of the nation are on the Senate."
Trump has also balked at using his authority under the recently invoked Defence Protection Act to compel the private sector to manufacture needed medical supplies like masks and ventilators, even as he encourages them to spur production.
"We are a country not based on nationalising our business," said Trump, who has repeatedly railed against socialism overseas and among Democrats.
Democratic presidential rival Joe Biden criticised Trump for stopping short of using the full force of emergency federal authority .
"Trump keeps saying he's a wartime president," Biden said in an online address from his Delaware home. "Well, start acting like one."
On the economic front, the Federal Reserve announced it will lend to small and large businesses and local governments as well as extend its bond-buying programmes as part of a series of sweeping steps to support the flow of credit through an economy ravaged by the viral outbreak.
With a population on edge and shell-shocked financial markets entering a new work week, Washington laboured under the size and scope of a rescue package that's more ambitious than any in recent times — larger than the 2008 bank bailout and 2009 recovery act combined.
Democrats are particularly fighting for constraints on the largely Republican-led effort to provide US$500 billion for corporations. Democrats call that a "slush fund."
Democrats won a concession — to provide four months of expanded unemployment benefits, rather than just three as proposed, according to an official. The jobless pay also would extend to self-employed and so-called gig workers.
But Republicans complained Democrats were holding out for more labour protections for workers, wanting assurances that corporations taking federal aid will commit to retaining their employees.
Alarms were being sounded from coast to coast about the wave of coronavirus cases about to crash onto the nation's health system.
New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio said from the pandemic's US epicentre: "April and May are going to be a lot worse." On NBC he all but begged Washington to help procure ventilators and other medical supplies and accused the Republican president of "not lifting a finger" to help.
Trump urged Congress to get a deal done and, during a briefing, responded to criticism that his administration was sluggish to act. He cited his cooperation with the three states hardest hit — New York, Washington and California — and invoked a measure to give governors flexibility in calling up the national guard under their control, while the federal Government covers the bill.
But even as Trump stressed federal-local partnerships, some governors, including Republican Greg Abbott of Texas, expressed unhappiness with Washington's response.
The President himself took a swipe at Democratic Governor J. B. Pritzker of Illinois, saying that he and "a very small group of certain other Governors, together with Fake News" should not be "blaming the Federal Government for their own shortcomings."
The urgency to act is mounting, as jobless claims skyrocket and financial markets are eager for signs that Washington can soften the blow of the healthcare crisis and what experts say is a looming recession.
Central to the package is as much as US$350b for small businesses to keep making payroll while workers are forced to stay home. There is also a one-time rebate cheque of about US$1200 per person, or US$3000 for a family of four, as well as the extended unemployment benefits.
Hospitals would get about US$110b for the expected influx of sick patients, said Mnuchin.