Three fast-spreading California wildfires sent people fleeing, with one trapping campers at a reservoir in the Sierra National Forest, as a brutal heatwave pushed temperatures into triple digits in many parts of state.
The wildfire burning near Shaver Lake exploded to 145 square km, jumped a river and compromised the only road into the Mammoth Pool Campground, national forest spokesman Dan Tune said. At least 2,000 structures were threatened in the area about 467 km north of Los Angeles, where temperatures in the city's San Fernando Valley reached 47C.
The Fresno Fire Department tweeted late on Saturday night that 63 people were rescued from the campground by military helicopters and that two of them were severely injured, 10 were moderately injured and 51 others had minor or no injuries.
The Madera County Sheriff's Department said in a tweet earlier on Saturday that about 150 people were at the campground's boat launch site, and 10 of them were injured. "All are safe at this time," the department tweeted.
Officers also were evacuating Beasore Meadows, a large ranch in the Sierra National Forest the department tweeted.
The Sacramento Bee reported that agencies were co-ordinating an aircraft rescue for crews to safely evacuate them.
Tune said the campers were told to shelter in place until fire crews, aided by water-dropping aircraft, could gain access to the site. Tune said he didn't know how close the fire was burning to the campsite.
"All our resources are working to make that escape route nice and safe for them," he said.
The lake 56km northeast of Fresno is surrounded by thick pine forests and is a popular destination for boating and fishing. Bone-dry conditions and the hot weather fuelled the flames.
"Once the fire gets going, it creates its own weather, adding wind to increase the spread," Tune said.
The fire broke out on Friday evening. Crews worked through the night, but by Saturday morning authorities issued evacuation orders for lakeside communities and urged people seeking relief from the Labor Day weekend heat to stay away from the popular lake.
"Adjust your Labor Day weekend plans. Access to Shaver Lake is completely closed to the public due to the #CreekFire," the Fresno County sheriff's office tweeted after announcing evacuation orders for campsites and communities by the lake.
The California Highway Patrol shut State Route 168 to only allow access for emergency responders and evacuees.
In Southern California, a fire in the foothills of Yucaipa east of Los Angeles prompted evacuation orders for eastern portions of the city of 54,000 along with several communities, including Oak Glen, Mountain Home Village and Forest Falls. The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (Cal Fire) said the fire scorched at least 3.9 square kilometres and was burning at a "moderate to dangerous" rate of spread.
A portion of the San Gorgonio Wilderness was closed, and hikers were urged to leave.
In eastern San Diego County, fire officials warned a fire near Alpine was burning at a "dangerous rate of speed" after spreading to 400 acres within an hour. A small community south of Alpine in the Cleveland National Forest was ordered to evacuate.
Cal Fire said nearly 12,500 firefighters were battling 22 major fires in the state. Despite the heat, firefighters were able to contain two major fires in coastal Monterey County.
California has seen 900 wildfires since August 15, many of them started by an intense series of thousands of lightning strikes. The blazes have burned more than 1.5 million acres. There have been eight fire deaths and nearly 3,300 structures destroyed.
The heat wave was expected to spread triple-digit temperatures over much of California through Monday. Officials urged people to conserve electricity to ease the strain on the state's power grid.
Pacific Gas & Electric, the state's largest utility, warned customers on Saturday that it might cut power starting from Tuesday because of expected high winds and heat that could create even greater fire danger. Some of the state's largest and deadliest fires in recent years have been sparked by downed power lines and other utility equipment.