The death of African-American man George Floyd at the hands of police has sparked protests across the United States and inspired many people to reflect on our own history of police violence against indigenous people in Australia and New Zealand.

After thousands marched across New Zealand on Monday, a series of rallies and vigils are planned in Australian cities this week, and many have wondered: how should we safely protest during a pandemic?

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As an infection prevention researcher, I am, of course, genuinely worried by the prospect of large crowds gathering. But I also completely understand why people want to go and make their feelings known on racism – not just in Australia and New Zealand, but internationally. It is a clash when we are trying to manage Covid-19 and puts us in a dilemma.

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But I can't stand and judge people who want to go.

Colleagues in the US who are so moved by what's happening there are forgoing social distancing and putting themselves and their colleagues at risk by attending the protests. For them, it is a personal decision and a risk they are prepared to take.

In New Zealand, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said "I utterly understand" why people had marched, but New Zealand had social distancing rules in place to protect people's health – and the June 1 marches were "a clear breach".

Give nothing to racism: A woman holds a sign telling how she feels. Photo / Dean Purcell
Give nothing to racism: A woman holds a sign telling how she feels. Photo / Dean Purcell

In Australia, people should remember many states have strict rules about public gatherings and it's likely you'll be breaching them if you attend a protest. In Victoria, there's a limit of 20 people at an outdoor gathering. For NSW the limit is 10, and in Queensland the limit is 20.

Remember, coronavirus is spread via close contact, so you are significantly increasing your risk of infection if you are in a large crowd.

All that said, if you're considering attending a protest, here are four things to think about.

1. Is there another way I can show support?

Given I'm an infection prevention researcher, working to prevent the spread of Covid-19, I have to say this: if there is any other way you can show support, other than attending a mass gathering – whether that's donating to a group doing good work, doing any sort of online protest or whatever option you can find – you should consider it.

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Think about whether you are at higher risk – by being older or immuno-compromised, for example – and whether there is a more sustainable way for you to support a movement you care about.

Protesters cleared from park ahead of Trump walk. Video / AP

2. Think about how you'll get there

Plan your trip to and from the protest carefully. Avoid crowded public transport – consider driving or riding a bike if possible – and follow social distancing rules if you must travel by bus, train or tram.

Make sure you bring hand sanitiser and use it liberally. Wash hands as soon as you get home.

3. If you go, observe social distancing
If you're in Australia, download and use the CovidSafe app. Try as best you can to observe social distancing at any event you attend. That means staying at least 1.5m from everyone else (or 2m in New Zealand) whether you are standing in an open space or marching down a street. Remember that coronavirus is spread by droplets released when people breathe, talk, cough, sneeze, sing or shout in close proximity to others. No hugging to demonstrate solidarity.

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When you get lots of people together and emotions run high, things can go awry very quickly. I'd be prepared to leave the demonstration if I started to get concerned about the proximity of people around me. There's a risk more people will turn up than you or the event organisers anticipated; if there are bigger crowds than expected, be prepared to make a decision to head home.

A MAGA hat set alight at the Auckland protests. Photo / Brayden Jones
A MAGA hat set alight at the Auckland protests. Photo / Brayden Jones

A mask alone will not protect you, they're only one piece of the armoury and are only useful if you socially distance and wash hands as well. If you throw yourself into a situation where you are close to other people, a mask will not be enough to protect you or others.

4. Do not attend if you feel unwell or have any Covid-19 symptoms
This should go without saying: absolutely stay home, no matter how strongly you feel about the issue, if you have any symptoms, such as a sore throat or a cough.

Indigenous Australians are an at-risk demographic for Covid-19, as are Māori and Pasifika, so you need to think carefully about the risk you may pose to others if you turn up while experiencing symptoms. If there was to be a small cluster in one of these protests, and the virus was passed to an indigenous community, the effects could be devastating.

Donald Trump stands in front church holding bible after threatening military action against protesters. Video / NBC News

If you feel that compelled to attend a demonstration, think about anything you can do to minimise the chances of spread, or you will undo the gains Australia and New Zealand have made in keeping the coronavirus spread under control.

Philip Russo, Associate Professor, Director Cabrini Monash University Department of Nursing Research, Monash University
This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.