WATCH LIVE COVERAGE:

Donald Trump has been impeached in a historic vote by the US House of Representatives.

Vote on Article 1 - Abuse of Power was 230-197 in favour of impeachment. Trump is accused of using the power of the presidency for his own benefit.

Vote on Article 2 - Obstruction of Congress - was 229-198 in favour. Trump is accused of blocking Congress's investigation into his alleged wrongdoing.

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But what happens next?

READ MORE:
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With Trump impeached today, it doesn't necessarily mean he will be removed from office.

The Senate will determine whether that will happen at a trial in January 2020, with the senators sitting as jurors, House politicians serving as prosecutors known as managers, and the chief justice of the US presiding over it. They will then be required to vote, where two-thirds of senators present must agree on a conviction to oust the commander-in-chief. But the Republicans hold the majority in the Senate so it's likely Trump will be acquitted.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, ahead of the impeachment vote. AP Photo / Susan Walsh.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, ahead of the impeachment vote. AP Photo / Susan Walsh.

The House will this week decide whether to empower House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to name impeachment managers who will act as prosecutors during the Senate trial.

"That's the last thing we want to do is be here over Christmas," Republican Senator John Cornyn told Politico. "I can't imagine anyone will object. You never know for sure. It would be widely criticised by folks on both sides of the aisle, anybody who [fought it] and forced us to stay here."

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said last week that he would be "totally surprised" if there were the necessary 67 votes in the chamber to convict Trump and signalled options for a swift trial.

A supporter of President Donald Trump shouts at pro impeachment protesters outside the Capitol building. AP Photo / Julio Cortez
A supporter of President Donald Trump shouts at pro impeachment protesters outside the Capitol building. AP Photo / Julio Cortez

Trump is the fourth president in US history to face the prospect of impeachment for alleged misconduct in office. He is the third to be impeached. The two other presidents impeached by the House, Bill Clinton and Andrew Johnson, were both acquitted by the Senate.

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Democrats have voted to impeach Donald Trump, republicans have signalled refusal to remove the president from office.

House Republicans have displayed remarkable unity during the impeachment process and none of them are expected to vote for impeachment. Twenty of the 53 Republican senators would need to join all Democratic-voting senators to reach the two-thirds supermajority the Constitution requires for impeachment.