A man who deliberately sped his car through a crowd of racial injustice protesters in Iowa City, striking several, will avoid prison and have the incident erased from his record if he stays out of trouble for three years.
A judge last month granted a deferred judgment for Michael Ray Stepanek, 45, who told police he drove his Toyota Camry through the crowd in August because the protesters needed "an attitude adjustment".
The sentence means a felony charge of willful injury resulting in bodily injury against Stepanek will be dismissed and expunged, as long as he does not commit a crime during a three-year term of probation. Judge Paul Miller also suspended a NZ$13,988 civil fine.
Offenders who commit "forcible felonies" are not eligible for deferred judgments, but the charge to which Stepanek pleaded is not considered one under Iowa law. He was also eligible for the break because he did not have a criminal history.
One of the protesters he hit said Friday that she advocated for no prison sentence, but that she wasn't aware the case might disappear from the public record.
"I think it's dangerous to have this kind of case occur and just wipe it away," said University of Iowa student Eva Sileo. She said it was frustrating to see protesters face harsh charges in other cases while Stepanek gets leniency.
Stepanek's attorney John Bruzek said his client was influenced by social media and political rhetoric characterising the protesters as dangerous criminals. Stepanek initially believed he was legally justified but has come to see he was wrong and apologised, Bruzek said.
"Michael understands how his conduct could have resulted in a much more serious and harmful situation," he said.
The Johnson County Attorney's Office, which agreed to Stepanek's plea deal, is still pursuing charges against some Black Lives Matter protesters involved in the demonstrations last summer.
Prosecutors have filed 15 counts, including nine felonies, against a protest leader charged with shining a laser beam light in police officers' eyes in August.
A 20-year-old Black protester who carried an assault rifle through an Iowa City crowd in June has been indicted on a federal charge of illegally possessing a gun while using marijuana. The man, who faces up to 10 years in prison, had already been prosecuted by Johnson County on related charges after the gun was found during a traffic stop following the protest.
Separately in Des Moines, prosecutors are pursuing felony leak charges against two protesters accused of stealing an intelligence bulletin from an officer and giving it to a television reporter.
Stepanek's violence came during a downtown Iowa City protest organised by the Iowa Freedom Riders, whose members have been pushing for changes to policing for months. Police fired tear gas on them in June, outraging city leaders.
Police say Stepanek became enraged when he was stopped behind other vehicles after protesters blocked an intersection. He honked his horn then made a U-turn, squealing his tyres to turn around.
Then, he shut off his lights, drove around the block, and turned on to a downtown street where there were no vehicles between him and the protesters, police say. Video shows his car striking multiple protesters, dragging one on his hood, before speeding off.
Sileo, 21, recalled pushing others out of the way of the vehicle before ending up on its hood. She said her leg was hurt and the man who was dragged smashed his head on concrete.
"I don't know how he lived," she said.
In a victim impact statement to the court, she said the incident opened her eyes to hatred in the community.
"It was extremely jarring to have some stranger take it upon himself to punish a group of young unarmed people for inconvenience and/or political dissidence," she wrote.
A police officer on the scene saw Stepanek speeding away and noted his licence plate but did not pursue him, citing traffic congestion. The officer claimed to have not seen him plough through the crowd.
The Iowa City Police Department announced an investigation the next day, after video of the incident spread on social media and protesters accused police of failing to respond.
The department asked those who were struck to come forward, but only Sileo did. Stepanek was arrested and spent 76 days in jail.