Facebook said today that it removed a small network of accounts and pages linked to Russia's Internet Research Agency, the "troll factory" that has used social media accounts to sow political discord in the United States since the 2016 presidential election.
The people behind the accounts recruited "unwitting" freelance journalists to post in English and Arabic, mainly targeting left-leaning audiences.
Facebook said that the network's activity focused on the US, Britain, Algeria and Egypt and other English-speaking countries and countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
The company said it started investigating the network based on information from the FBI about its off-Facebook activities. The network was in the early stages of development, Facebook added, and saw "nearly no engagement" on Facebook before it was removed.
The network consisted of 13 Facebook accounts and two pages. About 14,000 accounts followed one or more of the pages, though the English-language page had a little over 200 followers, Facebook said.
Still, its presence points to ongoing Russian efforts to disrupt the US election and sow political discord in an already divided country.
To evade detection, the people behind the network recruited Americans to do their bidding, likely unknowingly, both as journalists and as people authorised to purchase political advertisements in the US.
Facebook said the people behind the network posted about global events ranging from racial justice in the US and the UK, Nato, the QAnon conspiracy, US President Donald Trump, and Joe Biden's presidential campaign.
The network spent about US$480 on advertising on Facebook, primarily in US dollars, a sign that it was able to at least briefly evade systems designed to prevent foreign entities from buying US political advertisements.
Separately, Twitter said it will start adding context to its trending section, which shows some of the most popular topics on the service at any given moment. Experts and even Twitter's own employees have expressed concerns that the trending section can be gamed to spread misinformation and abuse.
Twitter uses algorithms and human employees to determine what topics are trending — it is not simply the most popular topics, but topics that are newly popular at any given time. But it's not difficult to artificially elevate trends.
Twitter said, users in the US, UK, Brazil, India and several other countries will see brief descriptions added to some trends to add context.