Five red cards and 17 yellow cards have been dished out at this World Cup; the highest number since the first Cup kicked off in 1987.

Twenty-eight games have been played here in Japan. There are still 20 to go and the confetti of colours will continue to be brandished in the faces of often bewildered players because World Rugby is committed to punishing contact against an opponent's head, whether it's accidental or otherwise.

There's no going back.


Will the game suddenly become safer as a result? Probably not. Rugby is a collision-based game of constantly moving parts which