The wealth destruction caused by Monday's market collapse is reshaping the ranks of the world's richest people.
Oil and gas businessman Harold Hamm's fortune plunged 35 per cent to US$3 billion ($4.7 billion) at 11:06am in New York, a drop that would bump him from the 500-member Bloomberg Billionaires Index if it holds through the close of trading. Fellow oil magnate Jeff Hildebrand is also set to fall off the ranking while Lukoil PJSC executives Leonid Fedun and Vagit Alekperov lost a combined $5 billion.
While these energy moguls are taking the biggest shellacking in percentage terms, losses have cascaded across industries and continents.
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India's Mukesh Ambani, who began the week as Asia's richest person, lost $5.7 billion, and Frenchman Bernard Arnault, chairman of luxury-goods giant LVMH, led Europe's decliners with a $4.2 billion drop. Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos and Berkshire Hathaway's Warren Buffett are both down $4.4 billion. Carnival Chairman Micky Arison's stake in the beleaguered cruise line operator slid 16 per cent to $2.1 billion.
The world's 500 richest people lost a combined US$203 billion ($320 million) through the first 96 minutes of trading in the US. That's the biggest daily plunge since the index began tracking the number in October 2016. The losses include declines in publicly traded assets and estimated drops in the values of private companies - as is the case with Hildebrand's Hilcorp Energy - that Bloomberg calculates using public peers. More than a half-trillion dollars has been erased from the combined fortunes of the top 500 so far in 2020.
"The near-term market focus is likely to remain on the virus's spread across Europe and the US, and on stress in the financial markets," Mark Haefele, UBS Group AG's chief investment officer of global wealth management, said in a note to investors.
Today's losses could have been deeper, and they still may be before the day is done. Each of the three major US stock indexes opened down more than 7 per cent in the first seconds, triggering a trading halt. The S&P 500, Dow Jones Industrial Average and Nasdaq Composite Index pared the declines to about 5 per cent heading into the lunch hour as investors absorbed the prospect of an oil price war triggered by the breakup of the OPEC+ alliance and mounting concerns about how the spreading coronavirus will affect the global economy.
While about 85 per cent of the people on Bloomberg's wealth ranking were nursing losses Monday, there were some winners, including the Walton family, as investors seeking safe havens boosted shares of retailer Walmart.
China's Qin Yinglin added $537 million to his net worth as shares of his Muyuan Foodstuff Co. rose 4 per cent. Li Xiting, chairman of Chinese medical equipment maker Shenzhen Mindray Bio-Medical Electronics, gained $144 million, bringing his net worth to $14 billion.
- Bloomberg's Jack Witzig and Tom Maloney contributed to this report.