Defying pleas from human rights groups, Malaysia has extradited a young Saudi journalist who faces a possible death sentence in his home country for posting a tweet deemed to insult the Prophet Muhammad.

Lawyers for 23-year-old Hamza Kashgari, a columnist with the Jeddah-based Al Bilad newspaper, got a court order yesterday preventing him from being deported - only to be told he had already been given to Saudi police, who were escorting him home on a private plane.

Kashgari fled the kingdom last week after several of his comments on Twitter outraged Saudi clerics and their followers. He planned to seek political asylum in New Zealand, but was arrested last Thursday while in transit at Kuala Lumpur airport.

It was initially reported Interpol had issued a red notice requesting his arrest, but Interpol denies any involvement.


Kashgari received 30,000 angry responses within 24 hours over his tweets. Thousands of people joined a Facebook campaign calling for his execution, while footage of one prominent cleric, Nasser al-Omar, sobbing about the contents of the journalist's comments was posted on YouTube.

Although Kashgari subsequently apologised and deleted the offending tweets, it did not mollify his critics.

Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and other organisations implored Malaysia, a largely Muslim country with a relatively tolerant reputation, not to deport him. Blasphemy carries the death penalty under Saudi Arabia's strict interpretation of sharia.

One of Kashgari's lawyers, Fadiah Nadwa Fikri, condemned the deportation as "a blatant violation of the law and human rights".

She told Agence France-Presse Kashgari's mother and brother, who had flown to Malaysia to seek his release, were distraught. "They broke down in tears. They fear for his safety," she said.

Fadiah said lawyers obtained the High Court injunction at 1.30pm and were told by police the Saudi was still in the country. But they were later informed his plane had left at 10am.

Home Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said the journalist was being repatriated under Malaysia's extradition arrangements. "The nature of the charges against the individual are a matter for the Saudi Arabian authorities."

Christoph Wilcke, senior Middle East researcher at Human Rights Watch, said Kashgari was unlikely to get a fair trial, since "Saudi clerics have already made up their mind that Kashgari is an apostate who must face punishment".


He had urged Malaysia not to deport him, saying it would make the Government "complicit" in his fate.

Malaysian human rights lawyer Edmond Bon expressed disappointment at the decision to "deport him to a potentially life-threatening punishment".

In an interview with the Daily Beast, a United States website, Kashgari had said he believed he was being made "a scapegoat for a larger conflict" between conservatives and liberals in Saudi Arabia.

Tweet trouble

Among the tweets Hamza Kashgari (above) addressed to the Prophet Muhammad were:

'On your birthday, I find you wherever I turn. I will say that I have loved aspects of you, hated others, and could not understand many more.'

'No Saudi women will go to hell, because it's impossible to go there twice.'

- Independent