President Vladimir Putin on Wednesday ordered most Russians to stay off work for a week starting later this month, amid rising Covid-19 infections and deaths, and he strongly urged reluctant citizens to get vaccinated.
The government coronavirus task force reported 1028 deaths in the past 24 hours, the highest number since the start of the pandemic. That brought Russia's death toll to 226,353, by far the highest in Europe.
Putin said he supports the Cabinet's proposal to introduce a nonworking period starting on October 30 and extending through the following week, when four of seven days are already non-working, including a two-day state holiday. In some regions where the situation is the most threatening, he said the nonworking period could start as early as Saturday and be extended past November 7.
"Our task today is to protect life and health of our citizens and minimise the consequences of the dangerous infection," Putin said in a video call with top officials. "To achieve that, it's necessary to first of all slow the pace of contagion and mobilise additional reserves of the healthcare system, which is currently working under a high strain."
Russia's daily coronavirus mortality numbers have been surging for weeks and topped 1000 for the first time over the weekend amid sluggish vaccination rates, lax public attitudes towards taking precautions and the government's reluctance to toughen restrictions. Only about 45 million Russians — roughly a third of its nearly 146 million people — are fully vaccinated.
The nonworking period should help limit the spread by keeping people out of offices and off crowded public transportation, but Moscow and many other cities haven't curbed access to restaurants, cafes, bars, theatres and gyms.
When the Cabinet proposed the measure on Tuesday, many Russians rushed to book flights to Black Sea resorts to take advantage of the break.
Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova, who leads the task force, emphasised that the nonworking week should imply limiting access to restaurants, theatres and other entertainment venues, adding that regional authorities will be expected to impose restrictions.
She particularly urged Russians to refrain from traveling to other regions during the period and emphasised the need for relatives of those infected to stay home.
It wasn't immediately clear what private businesses would be required to stop working in line with Putin's decree, in addition to state workers and employees of state-owned companies. During a similar measure early in the pandemic, many private and state-owned companies in "vital" economic sectors were allowed to keep operating.
The Cabinet has drafted measures on compensation to businesses to help absorb the economic blow, including one-time payments equivalent to a minimum monthly pay per worker and low-interest credits.
In urging Russians to get the shots, Putin said "it's a matter of your life and security and the health of your dear ones.
"There are only two ways to get over this period — to get sick or to receive a vaccine," he said. "It's better to get the vaccine. Why wait for the illness and its grave consequences? Please be responsible and take the necessary measures to protect yourself, your health and your close ones."
The Russian leader, who got the domestically developed Sputnik V vaccine earlier this year, said he's puzzled by the vaccine hesitancy, even among his close friends, who told him they would get the shot after he does and then kept delaying it.
"I can't understand what's going on," Putin said. "We have a reliable and efficient vaccine. The vaccine really reduces the risks of illness, grave complications and death."
He approved a Cabinet proposal giving two days of paid leave to those getting the shot to help encourage vaccination.
Even though Russia in August 2020 became the first country in the world to authorize a coronavirus vaccine and has plentiful supplies, there has been reluctance among its citizens to get the shots, a scepticism blamed on conflicting signals from authorities.
While extolling Sputnik V and three other domestic vaccines, state-controlled media often criticized Western-made shots, a message that many saw as feeding doubts about vaccines in general.
Golikova emphasised that most of those who have died recently were unvaccinated. She said 87 per cent of hospital beds allocated for Covid-19 patients are filled, with the number reaching 95 per cent in some provinces.
Rising infections forced some regional authorities to suspend certain medical services as healthcare facilities were focusing on coronavirus patients. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov admitted the situation is "very sad", noting that the level of vaccination in those regions was particularly low.
Putin warned regional leaders against trying to embellish statistics, saying a "high number of new infections doesn't mean poor work" by the authorities. "It shows the efficiency of regional teams, not the other way round," he said.
Until now, the Kremlin ruled out a nationwide lockdown like the one early in the pandemic that dealt a heavy blow to the economy and sapped Putin's popularity, instead empowering regional authorities to decide on local restrictions.
Many of Russia's 85 regions already have restricted attendance at large public events and introduced digital codes proving vaccination for past illness for access to restaurants, theaters and other venues. Some have made vaccinations compulsory for certain public servants and people over 60.
In Moscow, however, life has continued as usual, with restaurants and movie theaters brimming with people, crowds swarming nightclubs and karaoke bars, and commuters widely ignoring mask mandates on public transportation even as ICUs have filled.
Medical workers expressed bewilderment over the vaccine skepticism and lax attitude to precautions. "I think about sleepless nights when we get a huge number of patients who didn't even bother to use banal protective means," said Dr Natavan Ibragimova of Moscow's Hospital No. 52, where an ICU was filled to capacity.
Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin said unvaccinated people over 60 will be required to stay home. He also told businesses to keep at least a third of their employees working remotely for three months starting October 25.
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Dr Catherine Smallwood, the Covid-19 incident manager at the World Health Organisation's European branch, said vaccination levels at or below 30 per cent in Russia and eastern European countries like Bulgaria and Romania were "particularly concerning."
"It's very clear that in countries that have lower vaccine uptake, that's where we're seeing the serious pandemic effects at the moment in terms of deaths and people ending up in hospital," she said.
The government task force has registered more than eight million total infections and its official Covid-19 death toll ranks Russia as having the fifth-most pandemic deaths in the world, behind the United States, Brazil, India and Mexico.
However, state statistics agency Rosstat, which also counts deaths in which the virus wasn't considered the main cause, has reported a much higher death toll — about 418,000 as of August.