Europe made up almost half of the world's four million new coronavirus cases last week but recorded a nearly 10 per cent fall in infections compared to the week before.
That is thanks in part to strict government lockdown measures that have fanned some discontent, the World Health Organisation reported today.
In the German capital of Berlin, violent clashes between those protesting against coronavirus restrictions and police erupted near the city centre after protesters disregarded police advice to wear masks and social distance.
The latest weekly tally from the UN health agency found its 54-nation European region continued to report most new cases of any region worldwide — 46 per cent — but its decline in cases followed "the strengthening of public health and social measures".
But as new cases fell, the tally of virus deaths still rose "substantially" in Europe over the last week to more than 29,000 new deaths, WHO said.
WHO's Americas region saw a 41 per cent increase in new cases, suggesting that a higher weekly death toll could soon follow there. Southeast Asia was the only region that saw a drop in cases and deaths.
In Europe, WHO said the sharpest rise in coronavirus cases was in Austria, which saw a 30 per cent increase in new cases compared to the previous week. WHO also noted the UK was the first country in the region to record more than 50,000 deaths.
Pockets of Western Europe have shown signs of turning a corner, particularly in the lowlands near the English Channel.
Belgium said it had taken a major step in containing the resurgence of the coronavirus, reporting a drop in the daily death count for the first time since the latest Covid-19 wave hit this northern autumn.
Virologist Steven Van Gucht, from the Government's Sciensano health group, said Belgium's daily average of virus deaths now stood at 185, a 5 per cent decrease compared to the average a week ago. Over the last week, the daily average of hospital admissions dropped 24 per cent and new infections fell 39 per cent.
Officials in the Netherlands, to the north, were easing coronavirus restrictions amid falling infection rates, and were poised to reopen venues like cinemas, museums, libraries, zoos and swimming pools — still with limitations on how many people can visit — after a two-week closure.
Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte hailed a "positive" downward trend but said case counts were still too high. He warned the country to remain on a partial lockdown. In mid-October, Dutch rates of infection were among the worst in Europe.
Switzerland, which has registered some of the highest transmission rates in the world in recent weeks, today stepped up government support to help people affected by the virus and by lockdown measures — including a extra 1 billion Swiss francs in state aid — even as case counts eased back from recent peaks.
The Alpine country counted over 6000 new cases over the last day, down from a peak of more than 10,000 daily cases in October. Economic Affairs Minister Guy Parmelin cited a "more optimistic horizon" in Switzerland.
Regional officials in Geneva noted a "plateau" in positive Covid-19 tests in recent days and eased some restrictions on hairdressers, tattoo parlours, therapists and personal trainers, among others.
Some people in Germany were growing increasingly restive about the prospect of increased lockdown measures.
In Berlin, police fired water cannons at demonstrators and carried away some who were protesting against coronavirus restrictions near the famed Brandenburg Gate and the seat of the federal government. The melee erupted after crowds ignored calls to wear masks and keep their distance from one another in line with pandemic rules.
It came as German lawmakers were debating a bill that could provide the legal groundwork for the government to issue social distancing rules, require masks in public and close stores and other venues to slow the spread of the virus. Most people in Germany support such rules, but a vocal minority has staged regular rallies arguing that the restrictions violate the constitution.
"We want our lives back," read one sign carried by protesters in Berlin.
Germany was praised for its handling of the first wave of the virus, but like many parts of Europe has seen a sharp uptick in new infections in recent weeks. Overall the country has seen 833,000 coronavirus cases and more than 13,000 virus-confirmed deaths, a death toll one-fourth that of Britain's.
Europe has seen over 338,000 confirmed virus deaths in the pandemic, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University.