Nearly $70m has been restrained in New Zealand on evidence, Edward Gong claims, that was gathered by coercing witnesses in China.

A wealthy businessman who had nearly $70 million frozen in New Zealand as part of a fraud prosecution in Canada says the evidence against him was gathered by coercion in China.

Xiao Hua Gong built a business empire in Toronto including a hotel chain and television channels, as well as attending fundraisers for Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and donating to the governing Liberal Party.

But the entrepreneur, also known as Edward Gong, was forced to deny his success and influence was gained from a $202 million pyramid scheme selling medicines in China.

He was arrested in Canada and charged with fraud and money laundering last December in connection to the alleged pyramid scheme involving the "fraudulent sale of hundreds of millions of dollars" in shares in China.

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In June, the Herald revealed New Zealand's role in the transnational investigation.

Nine months before Gong's arrest in Canada, a High Court judge granted freezing orders over Gong's assets in New Zealand which include $69.5 held in bank accounts and an Auckland home worth $2m.

Money laundering was the crime committed in New Zealand, the police allege, in order to distance Gong from the alleged pyramid scheme in China.

In a new interview with the Globe and Mail newspaper in Canada, Gong alleged Chinese authorities tried to extort money from him in exchange for dropping the case.

"Canada is accusing me and treating me unfairly, which also harms Canada's national interest," Gong told the Globe and Mail.

"China just wanted my money."

Gong said the co-operation between China and Canada - as well as New Zealand - would set a dangerous precedent.

"This is just the beginning ... after this case, there will be another Edward Gong and another Edward Gong and another Edward Gong."

The Canadian fraud charges - and the restraint of his assets in New Zealand - stem from police investigations in China.

Gong hired Craig Hannaford - the former head of the Canadian police unit now prosecuting Gong- to investigate the allegations against his client.

He travelled to China to interview witnesses.

Two of them told Hannaford, in video testimony seen by the Globe and Mail, the Chinese authorities tried to extort money from them and coerced to give evidence against Gong with threats of longer jail time.

Gong's lawyers plan to use these witnesses to discredit the evidence on which the Canadian prosecution is based.

In New Zealand, similar evidence was used to restrain Gong's assets under the Criminal Proceeds Recovery Act 2009 which essentially forces someone to prove how an asset was paid for.

These cases are determined by the civil level of proof, the "balance of probabilities", rather than the much higher criminal evidential threshold of "beyond reasonable doubt".

Detective Inspector Craig Hamilton, who oversees the police Asset Recovery Units which brought the case against Gong in New Zealand, said he could not comment in detail on the claims of coercion as the case was before the courts.

"I can say we've worked closely with China and we are confident in the evidence."

Edward Gong, far left, at a fundraiser for Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Photo / Supplied
Edward Gong, far left, at a fundraiser for Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Photo / Supplied

In March 2017, nine months before Gong's arrest in Canada, a High Court judge granted freezing orders over Gong's assets in New Zealand which include $69.5 held in bank accounts and an Auckland home worth $2m.

Suppression orders on Justice Paul Davison's ruling were lifted, after an application by the Herald, which show the judge was satisfied there were "reasonable grounds" to believe Gong had profited from criminal activity.

His ruling was made after reading affidavits by New Zealand detectives and a financial analyst, investigators in China, as well as staff from the ANZ and ASB banks.

Money laundering was the crime committed in New Zealand, the police allege, in order to distance Gong from the alleged pyramid scheme in China.

Nearly $12m was later transferred from New Zealand to Canada.

According to the police, Gong "orchestrated" a pyramid scheme in China which involved the sale of health products coupled with the gift of shares in pharmaceutical and television companies.

"The pyramid scheme involved the making of representations to potential investors which were false and dishonest, including a claim that the company share price would increase by 2000 to 4000 per cent and that the products sold were legitimate health products, which they were not," Justice Davison wrote, summarising the police case.

"Instead of applying investment funds in the manner represented to investors, the majority of the funds were paid into bank accounts nominated and controlled by [Gong]."

There were at least 50,000 investors and the total of the alleged fraud was $202m.

The funds were transferred into "suspected underground Chinese bank accounts", according to the police, then shifted again into 29 different accounts in China using New Zealand internet addresses.

The money - which totalled $77m over seven years - was then moved from China into the New Zealand bank accounts by associates of Gong, according to the police.

Most of the money, $62m, was deposited between December 2014 and April 2016 when the pyramid scheme was allegedly running.

Two banks, ANZ and ASB, placed "stops" on Gong's accounts in 2016. ANZ later made a "suspicious transaction report" to the police.

Gong also bought two Auckland properties, in Panmure and East Tamaki, in 2012 and 2015 respectively.

He paid in cash; a total of $2.3m for both homes.

In his ruling to grant the freezing orders, Justice Davison said he was "well satisfied" there were reasonable grounds to believe Gong had unlawfully benefited from money laundering and receiving.

However, he declined to restrain the Panmure property as it was purchased before the alleged pyramid scheme fraud in China.

The $69.5m held in the six bank accounts, the Auckland home and a late-model Toyota van were restrained under the Criminal Proceeds Recovery Act which essentially forces someone to prove how an asset was paid for.

Back in China, 11 people were given prison sentences or fines for their part in the pyramid scheme allegedly controlled by Gong.

Edward Gong has been charged with fraud in Canada and nearly $70m in New Zealand bank accounts have been frozen. Photo / Supplied
Edward Gong has been charged with fraud in Canada and nearly $70m in New Zealand bank accounts have been frozen. Photo / Supplied

Six months before his arrest, Gong held a press conference with Canadian media to deny the allegations which he characterised as an attack on his businesses.

"In North America, I have about 630 employees; around 600 of them are full-time employees," he told reporters.

"You can defame me, but you cannot defame a media that spread the positivity of Chinese culture ... I am a Canadian citizen. But my heart is still in China."

He took exception with Chinese media coverage that reported he was a fugitive "on the run" and said he was being tried in public without the right to defend himself.

"I haven't received any summons from court, neither any notice from any department in China ... I wasn't given any right to talk and then I become an escaped criminal. I cannot sleep these two days; I am a little bit depressed."

The Ontario Securities Commission charged Gong in December with fraud and money laundering in connection to the "fraudulent sale of hundreds of millions of dollars" of securities in pharmaceutical and television companies to Chinese citizens.

After Gong's arrest, it emerged a Liberal Party MP hand-delivered a letter to a senior official at the Canadian embassy and personally spoke to Chinese authorities on Gong's behalf.

Gong, who was photographed making dumplings with Justin Trudeau at a "cash for access" fundraiser in May 2016, is a donor to the Liberal Party.

Geng Tan, a Liberal MP, delivered an unsigned letter from Gong to the deputy head of mission at Canada's embassy in Beijing, according to an OSC affidavit filed in a Toronto court.

Gong denied in the letter that he was running a pyramid scheme, according to the Globe and Mail, and said he was "running a legitimate marketing and sales method called multi-level marketing and direct sales".

The OSC affidavit contains further details about New Zealand's involvement in the global investigation.

It seems the police became involved when ANZ bank made a Suspicious Transaction Report about one of Gong's accounts in March 2016.

The police were able to trace the IP addresses of the computers used to make the transactions to physical addresses in Canada linked to Gong.

In July 2016, Customs detained Gong at the New Zealand border when he was found with 34 bank cards and more than $10,000 in undeclared cash.

His laptop and phone were cloned by Customs and copies given to the police, who later interviewed Gong. He said the millions of dollars in New Zealand bank accounts were funds from the sale of health products in China.

The New Zealand police travelled to China in October 2016 - six months before his assets were frozen here - to meet with investigators.

The information from the cloned laptop, mobile phone and the on-camera interview with Gong were handed to Canadian police.