Farmers in the Waikato and parts of Northland say they are battling one of the driest summers in memory - but the Government isn't declaring a drought because the conditions are not widespread enough.

The Minister for Primary Industries, Nathan Guy, told a group of farmers during a visit to Morrinsville yesterday he would not be declaring a medium scale adverse event because it was much more localised than last year when the whole of the North Island and two districts in the South Island were affected by the extremely dry conditions.

A stream of high pressure systems continue to block the rain makers – despite the rain maps this coming weekend showing a low on either side of the North Island. Dry conditions that really set in across March over some northern regions will remain in place for at least the first week or two of April. This time last year we had a similar pattern – but rain arrived in the second half of April. At this stage we’re still focused on the week ahead, which looks mainly dry right across NZ, just a few showers possible around Gisborne and the West Coast mostly.

Rural assistance payments are not available to farmers if a drought is not declared, but Mr Guy did not think they were needed.

"Farmers aren't interested in a handout," he said. They want to know the Government cares and the Government responds to their particular situation ...


This is the powerhouse of the New Zealand economy that are going through a bit of pain at the moment."

Waikato Federated Farmers president James Houghton said that although the soil was extremely dry in some areas, farmers had learned from the drought in 2008 which had taken them by surprise.

"That's why a drought hasn't been declared because farmers are being more proactive, being more organised and being better prepared."

The high payout for milk solids of $8.65/kg had also been a boost to farmers.

MetService meteorologist Daniel Corbett said Waikato farmers would have to wait a few weeks for the wet weather to break the drought.

"It is going to be a slow process so it won't be fixed in the next week to 10 days but as we run away through April we will slowly start clawing back the rain as the weather systems return from the Tasman Sea."

He said the weather for the region had been patchy but parts of the Waikato would be suffering with Hamilton Airport recording just 6mm of rain last month, significantly less than 35.2mm for the same time last year.

Niwa climate scientist Brett Mullan said the total soil moisture deficit recorded last year was the worst it had been in the Waikato since records began and this year looked to be tracking a close second.


He agreed with findings from the recent United Nations report that more droughts were expected over the long term, despite fluctuations each decade.

Mr Mullan said the dry weather was partly because there had not been a good El Nino, but one was possible later in the year.

Ready for sunny days

Martin and Mark Sing are prepared for drought - they have plenty of backup feed and will be cutting their milking season short by only about 10 days.

The father and son, who own Bridgnorth Farm in Morrinsville, learned some tough lessons when the drought surprised Waikato farmers in 2008 and now have a 2000-tonne buffer of feed in case they are stung by dry weather again.

Farm manager Mark Sing said they farmed 860 cows and planned to dry off about half today. The other 400 would be kept going another month.

Bridgnorth Farm usually milked about 300 days a year and was tracking for about 290 days this year so it was "business as usual". Last year, despite having 150mm more rain, they milked for only 260 days.

"We have enough feed for the circumstances so we are lucky in that respect that we are carrying a bit more," he said. "In the 2008 drought we probably cleaned out all that reserve and it probably took us three or four years to build it up again."