By Jordan Bond, RNZ
Public records show a handful of wealthy Russians own $60 million of land and real estate in New Zealand, about 50 per cent more than the prime minister previously said.
Several private businesses are also owned by these men, the values of which are unknown.
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said on Monday investment in New Zealand by Russian nationals was "limited: up to $40 million".
The Prime Minister's Office has since said that figure was from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which said they received it from Statistics New Zealand, which RNZ has contacted for clarity.
While investment is not markedly more than that, it appears to be over $60m, with the value of some other interests unknown, including an apartment building in Auckland.
RNZ is not saying the following people have done anything wrong, or will be sanctioned. In fact none of the following people are on the travel ban list released by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
This is a look at the publicly available ownership records of Russians who have assets in New Zealand.
The steel magnate is 63 and worth about $6 billion. According to Bloomberg, his net worth has dropped 50 per cent since Russia invaded Ukraine. It was over $9b earlier in the year. His major shareholding (about 20 per cent) is in steel making company Evraz, which has lost around 85 per cent of its value in 2022.
Fellow high profile oligarch and the soon-to-be-former owner of Chelsea Football Club, Roman Abramovich, owns 30 per cent of Evraz.
Abramov has a large country estate in Helena Bay, between Whangārei and the Bay of Islands. It is about 300ha, including 3km of coastline and four private beaches, according to its Trip Advisor listing.
Its Whangārei District Council rateable value is over $41m. This comprises the land, worth $4.7m, and the capital improvements, mostly the buildings, worth $36.4m.
Abramov had to go through the Overseas Investment Office (OIO) to receive consent to purchase the property, because it is deemed sensitive land and he is a non-New Zealand resident.
He was granted consent to purchase, for reasons including the likelihood of job creation - the Helena Bay lodge is rentable and is staffed fulltime by locals - as well as a commitment to enhance and protect flora and fauna.
The initial purchase of 215ha was made in 2009, and another 88ha through a long-term lease in 2015.
In 2021, Abramov majority-funded the purchase of land in the suburb of Morningside in Auckland.
An apartment block is now under construction on the land, with 39 apartments being built.
This was through a New Zealand registered business Targa Capital Ltd which has New Zealand directors but "is ultimately controlled and receives the majority of its funding from Mr Alexander Abramov of Russia", according to the OIO decision.
The purchase price of this land was redacted due to commercial sensitivity. The construction of 39 apartments will add significant improvement value. It is unknown if Abramov has a share in the building. If he does to the same degree as the land purchase, it would lift his New Zealand asset value to $55 or $60m.
Alexandre Germanovitch bought the 1197ha Mt Potts Station in mid-Canterbury in 2011.
It is a working high country cattle farm with a rentable lodge and mountain views of the Southern Alps.
The Ashburton District Council values it at $9.7m.
Germanovitch also owns a $3.83m home in the Auckland suburb of Devonport.
His total known assets amount to $13.5m.
Leonid Kiryakov owns property in Matakana, in North Auckland, a wealthy semi-rural area near Warkworth.
He bought the property in 2016 for just under $5 million. It is now council valued at $6.7 million.
His Overseas Investment Office application was granted under the test that he intended to live here indefinitely.
It doesn't appear he has any business interests here.
Porters ski field owners
Yury Zelvenskiy and three other Russians invested in part of the South Island's Porters Ski Field through PSA Capital Ltd in 2011, when it was set to undergo a major development and expansion.
The expansion and development had been delayed for some years.
Two other Russian investors who had shares since 2011, Yuri Koropachinskiy and Oleg Kirillov, abruptly sold all their shares on February 15, nine days before Russia invaded Ukraine.
Galina Slavova of Moscow owns 9 per cent, and Mikhail Rudolfovich Predtechenskiy of Novosibirsk owns 5 per cent.
It is not known how much the company or its assets are worth.
The largest shareholder is now the Cyprus-based Stalakton Investments Ltd with 49.94 per cent.
Some readers may note that one person is missing from this list - Mikhail Khimich.
Khimich received significant publicity in 2010 and 2013 when he bought Waiwera Water, the bottling company, and Waiwera Thermal Resort, the water park on the northern outskirts of Auckland.
He planned to undertake a large refurbishment of the thermal pools, but it never happened. The two companies fell over and were placed into liquidation.
Khimich was deemed bankrupt by the High Court at Wellington in 2019. It doesn't appear he currently has any assets in New Zealand.