An Auckland businessman described as someone who could sell ice to an Eskimo has been jailed after misappropriating millions of dollars from his clients to fund a lavish lifestyle.
Expensive European cars, frequent travel by private helicopter, luxury weekend getaways, overseas holidays - including by private jet - and jewellery were all bought by Steven Robertson from fraudulently obtained funds.
Robertson, who was involved in the gold markets, was today sentenced for his financial crimes in the High Court at Auckland by Justice Sarah Katz.
He was imprisoned for six years and eight months with a non-parole period of three years and four months.
The judge had in August found him guilty of 23 charges of theft by a person in a special relationship, 11 counts of the obtaining by deception charges and four charges of dishonestly using a document.
The unauthorised and unregistered financial adviser, who defended the charges during a lengthy trial earlier this year, was also found not guilty of six charges.
Investors had believed their money would be traded on their behalf or paid as consideration for the purported purchase of shares in Robertson's company, Prosper Through Trading (PTT Ltd), or an associated entity.
Between 2009 and 2015 Robertson also operated various companies including PTT Ltd to assist clients to share and trade on the New Zealand and Australian markets.
In essence, however, he was operating what the FMA called a $10m Ponzi scheme.
When low on funds, Robertson also resorted to simply stealing his clients' funds from their credit card accounts without their authority and knowledge.
He showcased a glowing, albeit false reputation as a financial trader and told one of his victims he was "as good as John Key", the court was told today.
Robertson was first investigated by the Financial Markets Authority (FMA) in mid-2015 and Crown prosecutor Ben Finn said the fraudster denied his offending during extensive interviews by FMA investigators over several days.
"He is quite obviously a person of considerable intelligence," Finn said.
Justice Katz said the evidence for the charges she found the white collar criminal guilty of was "overwhelming".
She said Robertson was motivated by greed and the appearance of wealth was clearly important to him.
While some of the investors' money was recovered and the prospect of further recovery remains there was "real likelihood of a large shortfall", Finn said.
The court heard Robertson, who has a supportive family, now claims to be remorseful and has accepted some wrongdoing in a letter to his victims.
"I am embarrassed and ashamed in the way I have conducted myself in our dealings," he wrote.
His lawyer, Todd Simmonds, added to that notion and said his client accepted his offending was significant.
While exact figures couldn't be pinpointed, Simmonds said there could be meaningful reparation and recovery for the victims as Robertson's cash and assets - of more than $2 million - are liquidated.
The stories of Robertson's victims made for sad reading, Justice Katz said.
One was now so suspicious of financial people he refuses to deposit his money in a bank, while another man in his 60s has been forced to remortgage his farm.
Most of the 22 victims lost most if not all of their invested money, the judge said in her written reasons for the verdicts, which were provided to the Herald.
The victims, Justice Katz said, were largely elderly, financially naïve, and inexperienced with trading or financial markets.
She said a common theme had developed from the investors' evidence that Robertson "is an extremely skilled salesman, who engendered trust and confidence".
"One complainant described him as being a 'very persuasive sort of a fella... I reckon he could sell ice to an Eskimo'."
In her nearly 200-page judgment, Justice Katz said Robertson's offers to trade on behalf of investors was "simply a ruse to extract more money from clients".
"He knew that what he was doing was unlawful and set out to create a false paper trail to disguise the reality of what was occurring.
"The investors were generally unperturbed about the precise terms of the documents they signed, but instead relied on their verbal dealings with Mr Robertson.
"They were generally simple, honest, people who had worked hard all their lives and were keen to generate a little extra retirement income from their limited savings. They trusted that Mr Robertson was a man of his word."
One complainant who worked on a farm all his life said: "Like you take people on trust, for Christ's sake. Like I can say I sold thousands of tonnes of wheat, over the phone, on a verbal contract. And you take people as it is; I sold the wheat, they put the money in my bank. That's how I operate, on trust."
After Robertson stole his victims' money, he generally distanced himself from the investors and became extremely difficult to contact.
When they did manage to reach him, he would either evade the issue, promise to send an update on their investment - which never arrived - or simply assure them that their investments were doing very well.
On some occasions he would persuade an investor to contribute further funds.
"A particularly unfortunate subset of the VIP or 'trading on behalf' clients were subsequently offered a further 'opportunity' by Mr Robertson," Justice Katz said.
"He invited them to become shareholders in one of his companies, or in a company he claimed that he was planning to set up overseas. A number of investors took up the offer. This group of investors paid tens of thousands of dollars [and in some cases hundreds of thousands of dollars] for fictitious shareholdings."
After sentencing, the FMA's head of enforcement Karen Chang said: "Many people suffered as a result of dealing with Mr Robertson and we strongly condemn what he did.
"We brought this case in part because Mr Robertson was purporting to provide services that would have required him to be an authorised or registered financial adviser. Cases like this can unfairly erode trust in New Zealand's financial advice sector."
Chang also reminded people to always use an FMA-licensed provider.