In these troubled times there is much that we must work to protect. It is crucial that the battle to save lives from Covid-19 is coupled with long-term efforts to protect livelihoods and ways of life.
Advances in health, technology and knowledge have added 25 years to global life expectancies since 1950. More than one billion people have been lifted out of extreme poverty in the past 20 years. People around the world have been leading longer and better lives. We know too that trade drives productivity and innovation – it also lifts employment, incomes and contributes to social cohesion.
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These social advances have been underpinned by the opening of markets and growth in trade around the world. Open trade has allowed innovation to flourish while the use of comparative advantages has lifted global productivity. Ultimately, trade has created more jobs globally and allowed goods or services to most cost-effectively reach those who need them.
We are four independent trading nations who have derived success by operating globally. Almost two-thirds of Britain's economy is made up of trade. One in five Australian jobs is trade related. In New Zealand that number is one in four. Nearly two-thirds of Singapore's GDP is generated by external demand.
Trade is essential at the best of times. Our pre-Covid-19 daily routine was made possible by deep trade routes, supplying individuals with a mix including food, drink, technology and clothing. Businesses rely on trade to supply critical inputs as part of value chains, essential services and crucial investment.
Our daily routine may have changed for now but continued, free-flowing trade plays a key role in crises such as these by getting vital supplies where they are most needed. No country is entirely self-sufficient in the provision of all vital medicines, medical supplies and equipment, let alone all of the equally critical agricultural products or other essential goods and services that flow across borders.
For this reason, we welcomed the statement of the G20 Trade Ministers on Covid-19, which underlined the imperative of countries acting in concert, rather than isolation, in order to overcome a common enemy that ignores national boundaries. To combat a global problem necessitates a global response. If countries are to emerge from this crisis successfully, this will require more cooperation, not less.
As part of this response to the crisis, we agree on the importance of refraining from the imposition of unnecessary export controls or tariffs and of removing any existing trade restrictive measures on essential goods, especially food and medical supplies at this time. Such policies will only harm, not help the response to the virus, and any measures that are necessary on public health grounds, should be transparent, time limited and proportionate. We are also committed to ensuring that critical infrastructure such as our air and seaports remain open to support the viability and integrity of supply chains globally.
Now we need to go further.
Some people think this crisis should mean less trade in the future, and onshoring of supply chains. Some argue for a rolling back of the trade liberalisation that has underpinned much of the world's economic growth over recent decades. Increased protectionism would only harm the world's recovery from Covid-19, slowing the necessary return of economic and employment growth.
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While there can be good reasons for targeted reshoring of truly essential capabilities, we should not let those who would undo decades of progress take advantage of the current crisis. Sharing challenges and diversifying where we buy from and sell to, can make us all more resilient and better protect us in the event of future shocks. Diverse supply chains can not only increase just in time efficiency but also boost just in case resilience.
For all these reasons and more, putting in place more trade barriers would be the worst possible response to global economic uncertainty. More barriers would further erode business confidence and would slow the investment needed to restart many economies. Developing countries, who have often seen the greatest transformation from opening up, might find themselves shut out of world markets, reducing prosperity and employment.
Therefore we resolve to lead the world in restoring and deepening global trade. Just as the shared calamity of World War II compelled nations to negotiate the settlement at Bretton Woods, so too should the Covid-19 outbreak once again lead us to deepen our commitment to shared rules for the governance of global trade and investment.
Together, we will work to reinvigorate efforts to reform the World Trade Organisation by modernising its rules, improving its transparency and making more efficient its settlement of disputes. Together, we will urge countries of the world to standstill on trade barriers and, ideally, agree to roll them back. And together, we will press ahead with our various trade negotiations, seeking to open up new opportunities for our businesses in the post-Covid-19 era. We see the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, which the UK is seeking to join, as a key part of promoting a liberal free trading agenda across the world.
Through our cooperation we hope to provide leadership and build confidence. Most importantly, we aim to ensure our counterparts around the world remember the economic and social benefits delivered by open, rules based trade prior to the current crisis and join us in continuing policies to enhance lives and livelihoods when the crisis has passed.
Written by: The trade ministers of NZ, Australia, UK and Singapore (David Parker, Simon Birmingham, Elizabeth Truss and Chan Chun Sing)