Britain suspended its extradition treaty with Hong Kong today and blocked arms sales to the former British territory after China imposed a tough new national security law.
Amid growing tensions with Beijing, Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab told the House of Commons that he had concerns about the new law and alleged human rights abuses in China, particularly the treatment of the Uighur minority.
He described the measures announced today as "reasonable and proportionate."
"We will protect our vital interests," Raab said. "We will stand up for our values and we will hold China to its international obligations."
Britain followed the example of the United States, Australia and Canada by suspending extradition agreements with Hong Kong, which became a special administrative region of China after the UK returned control of the territory to Beijing in 1997.
Events in Hong Kong are particularly sensitive for the British Government because China agreed to a ``one country, two systems" policy that was supposed to protect the economic and social traditions of the territory for 50 years after the handover.
Britain and other Western nations believe the new security law threatens that agreement because it restricts free speech and erodes the judicial independence of Hong Kong.
The law makes crimes such as promoting secession punishable by life in prison and allows some cases to be tried on the mainland.
This means people extradited to Hong Kong could end up being tried in mainland courts, Raab said.
The UK previously accused the Beijing Government of a serious breach of the Sino-British Joint Declaration under which Hong Kong was returned to China and announced it would open a special route to citizenship for up to three million eligible residents of the territory.
China's decision to implement the security law on June 30 triggered widespread protests in Hong Kong. Police responded with water cannon, tear gas and hundreds of arrests.
The ban on arms sales extends an embargo that has been in place for mainland China since 1989. It means the government will not allow British companies to export potentially lethal weapons, their components or ammunition, as well as equipment that might be used for internal repression such as shackles, firearms and smoke grenades.
The measures announced today come less than a week after Britain backtracked on plans to give Chinese telecommunications company Huawei a role in the UK's new high-speed mobile phone network.
Beijing objected to the new measures even before they were formally announced by Raab.
China's Ambassador to Britain, Liu Xiaoming, yesterday told the BBC that Britain was "dancing to the tune" of the US and rejected the allegations of human rights abuses against the mainly-Muslim Uighur people.
He accused Western countries of trying to foment trouble with China.
"People say China (is) becoming very aggressive. That's totally wrong," he said. "China has not changed. It's Western countries, headed by US — they started this so-called new Cold War on China."