The Kremlin has strongly rejected US claims of a Russian troop buildup near Ukraine, saying it could be a ruse intended to cover up what it described as the Ukrainian leadership's aggressive intentions.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov dismissed US media allegations of Moscow's purported plans to invade Ukraine as part of efforts to discredit Russia. He insisted that troop movements on Russia's own territory shouldn't concern anyone.
Ukraine complained earlier this month that Russia has kept tens of thousands of troops not far from the two countries' borders after conducting war games in an attempt to further pressure its ex-Soviet neighbour. Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula in 2014 and has supported a separatist insurgency that broke out that year in eastern Ukraine.
Speaking to Ukraine's foreign minister this month, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken noted that Russia's "playbook" was to build up forces near the border and then invade, "claiming falsely that it was provoked".
Kyrylo Budanov, the head of Ukraine's military intelligence, said in an interview with the Military Times over the weekend that Russia has concentrated 92,000 troops near Ukraine and could launch an attack from several directions, including from Belarus, in late January or early February.
Amid the tensions, the Ukrainian Defence Ministry said Monday (local time) it conducted drills in the northern Zhytomyr region that borders Belarus.
Russia has maintained close political and military ties with Belarus, and the two countries held massive joint war games in September.
Peskov sought to turn the tables on Ukraine and the West, arguing that the expressions of concern by the US and its allies may "camouflage aggressive intentions in Kyiv to try to solve the problem of the southeast by force".
He accused the Ukrainian military of increasingly frequent shootings across the tense line of contact in the east and added that Moscow is strongly worried about the US and other NATO countries providing Ukraine with weapons.
"The number of provocations has been growing, and those provocations have been conducted using the weapons that NATO countries sent to Ukraine," Peskov said in a conference call with reporters. "We are watching it with a grave concern."
Russia has cast its weight behind the separatist insurgency in Ukraine's eastern industrial heartland known as Donbas that has left more than 14,000 people dead. But Moscow has repeatedly denied any presence of its troops in eastern Ukraine.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov on Monday also criticised what he described as "bellicose rhetoric" by Ukrainian military officials, charging that it could "reflect a desire to conduct provocations and turn the conflict into a hot phase".
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba rejected the Russian allegations of Ukraine's plans to launch an attack on Donbas as part of Moscow's "disinformation".
"Let me state it officially: Ukraine does not plan a military offensive in the Donbas," Kuleba said on Twitter. "We are devoted to seeking political & diplomatic solutions to the conflict."
In a strongly-worded statement, the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) scathingly criticised the US State Department of spreading "absolute lies" about a purported Russian buildup near Ukraine.
"The Americans are painting a horrible picture of Russian tank armadas crushing Ukrainian cities," it said in Monday's statement. "It's surprising to see a speed at which a formerly respectable foreign policy agency is turning into a mouthpiece of mendacious propaganda."
The SVR alleged that it was Ukraine that was beefing up its forces near Russia and Belarus.
The Russian spy agency also accused the US and the European Union of encouraging "the sense of permissiveness and impunity" in Ukraine, comparing the situation to Western expressions of support to Georgia before the 2008 war between Russia and Georgia.
Russia routed the Georgian army in the brief conflict that erupted when Georgia attempted to reclaim control over a Russia-backed separatist province. Moscow then recognised the independence of Georgia's two separatist provinces after the war.