Life in Australia will change drastically from today due to dramatic measures introduced to stop the spread of coronavirus.

However, some say the Prime Minister is still not going far enough, with calls to "shut Australia down" to stop the potentially deadly infection spreading and reports of discord among state premiers.

READ MORE:
Covid 19 coronavirus: Front-line health workers and other medical staff want alert level 4 now
Covid 19 coronavirus alert level 2: Officials probe possible NZ community cases; UK and Italy deaths soar
Covid 19 coronavirus: What you need to know about Sunday's big developments
Coronavirus: Auckland's Glendowie College closed after positive Covid-19 test

Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced a host of dramatic changes on Sunday evening that will take effect on Monday, March 23 at midday.

Advertisement

It came after a meeting of state and territory premiers and chief ministers who agreed to enhance social distancing measures after Australians appeared not to be taking them seriously enough.

"Practising good hygiene and keeping a healthy physical distance between individuals is our most powerful weapon in fighting this virus and saving lives. The failure of some businesses and members of the public to do this puts people's lives at risk," Morrison said.

Covid19.govt.nz: The Government's official Covid-19 advisory website

The Prime Minister's office maintained the decisions made were by consensus with state leaders, however a report in the Australian claims the PM "walked the states back" from pushing for a further shutdowns.

"All leaders signed up to the national Cabinet for a reason. It was meant to provide a unified position on a national crisis. Instead the premiers wet the bed and went it alone," Simon Benson wrote in the Australian about earlier announcements from NSW and VIC premiers.

'STAGE ONE' RESTRICTIONS IN PLACE

From today "stage one" restrictions will be introduced and will be reviewed on a monthly basis. They are expected to last for at least six months but could be escalated before that time in accordance with public health advice.

It means pubs, clubs (excluding bottle shops), hotels (excluding accommodation), gyms and indoor sporting venues, cinemas, entertainment venues, casinos, and night clubs will be closed from midday.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison speaks with NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian (on screen) during a National Cabinet meeting to discuss Covid-19 measures. Photo / Alex Ellinghausen, Getty Images
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison speaks with NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian (on screen) during a National Cabinet meeting to discuss Covid-19 measures. Photo / Alex Ellinghausen, Getty Images

Restaurants and cafes will be restricted to takeaway and/or home delivery. Religious gatherings, places of worship or funerals must be held in very small groups where the one person every four square metres rule applies.

Advertisement

The restrictions do not apply to isolated remote community hubs.

Further closures of other facilities could be considered under "stage 2 restrictions" which have not yet been announced.

"We will be living with this virus for at least six months, so social distancing measures to slow this virus down must be sustainable for at least that long to protect Australian lives, allow Australia to keep functioning and keep Australians in jobs," Morrison said.

"We need every Australian to do their bit to save the lives of other Australians."

There are more than 1354 cases of coronavirus confirmed in Australia so far with seven deaths.

NSW and Victoria have been sent into lockdown with all non-essential services to be banned within 48 hours. Video / Sky News Australia

Online, Australians noted their confusion at shutting down pubs and clubs but leaving shopping centres and supermarkets open, calling for the Prime Minister to "shut Australia down" to stop the pandemic taking hold.

Some states have already announced their own measures with the New South Wales, Victoria and ACT state governments moving to a more comprehensive shutdown that will see non-essential services closed in the next 48 hours.

Supermarkets, banks, pharmacies and convenience stores are expected to remain open.

The Government could also consider locking down "red zones" as it has in Wuhan and parts of Northern Italy. State leaders are due to provide more detail to their residents today.

The additional restrictions come on top of bans on social gatherings of more than 500 people outside and 100 people inside that are already in place.

People are being advised to avoid non-essential travel and keep 1.5 metres between themselves and others. Restrictions on entering aged care homes have also been introduced.

'RIP THE BANDAID OFF'

The Prime Minister's announcement over school closures prompted plenty of head-scratching as Morrison said children should go to school tomorrow.

"Leaders agreed that we cannot see children lose an entire year of their education as a result of school closures caused by Covid-19," he said.

Many online vented their confusion about closing facilities but leaving schools open which could still see the virus spread.

Schools are expected to remain open until the Easter break and all leaders have committed to re-open schools at the end of the break, Mr Morrison said.

"If parents choose to keep their children home from school, parents must be responsible for the conduct of the children and to ensure they adhere to the social distancing arrangements in place," he warned.

"Parents must be aware that while the majority of adults who contract Covid-19 have mild forms of the virus, the elderly or those with comorbidities can have more significant symptoms."

Despite the PM's warning, schools in ACT and Victoria will close on Tuesday.