Iran's president said on Sunday his country should lead regional security in the strategic Persian Gulf and criticised the presence of foreign forces, as the country's nuclear deal with world powers collapses and the US deployed more troops to boost security for its Arab allies.

The US has said Iran is behind a series of attacks on the region's energy infrastructure, including a major drone-and-missile hit on Saudi Arabia's oil industry that shook global energy markets.

Chief of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Gen. Hossein Salami speaks in a ceremony displaying pieces of the American drone shot down by the Guard in the Strait of Hormuz in June. Photo / AP
Chief of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Gen. Hossein Salami speaks in a ceremony displaying pieces of the American drone shot down by the Guard in the Strait of Hormuz in June. Photo / AP

Last week, US president Donald Trump warned the US was "locked and loaded" if Iran was found to be behind the attacks, while US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the attack was "an act of war".

Iran has denied the allegations and said any retaliatory strikes from the US or Saudi Arabia will lead to "all-out war."

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Speaking during a military parade, President Hassan Rouhani warned that the presence of foreign forces in the Gulf could cause problems for the world's "energy security."

He said that Iran extends its "hand of friendship and brotherhood" toward regional nations for overseeing security in the Persian Gulf and its narrowest point, the Strait of Hormuz, where one-fifth of global oil exports passes.

A strong message was delivered the day before by Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps commander Major General Hossein Salami, who said Iran was "ready for any type of scenario".

"Whoever wants their land to become the main battlefield, go ahead," Major General Salami said.

General Salami threatened the "destruction of any aggressor" against Iran.

The military parade marked the 39th anniversary of the eight-year war with Iraq that began when Saddam Hussein invaded Iran in 1980.

Amid the fanfare, Iran displayed the Khordad-3 air defense system that shot down a US drone in June.

Revolutionary Guard troops chant slogans at a military parade marking 39th anniversary of outset of Iran-Iraq war. Photo / AP
Revolutionary Guard troops chant slogans at a military parade marking 39th anniversary of outset of Iran-Iraq war. Photo / AP

It also showed an Iranian medium-range missile that can travel up to 2000km putting it in range of Iran's archenemy Israel and US bases in the region.

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Similar parades were held in many major cities and towns across the country including the port city of Bandar Abbas near the Strait of Hormuz.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo meets with Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohamed bin Zayed al-Nahyan in Abu Dhabi. Photo / AP
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo meets with Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohamed bin Zayed al-Nahyan in Abu Dhabi. Photo / AP

State TV showed scores of Iranian fast attack boats, as well as air defense and other military equipment. It also carried images of Iranian Revolutionary Guard naval forces rappelling down the side of a sailing ship.

Along with boosting troop and equipment levels in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the US is leading a maritime coalition, which includes the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Britain and Australia, to secure the area's waterways and vital oil trade routes.

The US navy has often complained about Guard fast boats and naval forces harassing shipping in the Gulf.

Iran has long sought the evacuation of Western and US forces from Arab Gulf countries, seeing it as a potential threat to the Persian nation.

Rouhani added that he will offer a regional peace plan during his visit to the UN this week. Fears of a wider regional conflagration have grown, as tensions between Iran and the US remain high over Tehran's failing 2015 nuclear deal with world powers. Recently, Iran has broken the deal's limits on enrichment, uranium stockpiles and the use of advanced centrifuges, as ot seeks to pressure Europe to offer it a way to sell its crude oil on the international market despite US sanctions.

President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew America from the deal over a year ago, and re-imposed crippling sanctions on Iran.