Aid packages, mental health support and kangaroo culls — Siobhan O’Grady looks at how NSW is dealing with its drought.

In drought-stricken areas of Australia, recent weather forecasts have brought only more bad news for farmers struggling to keep their farms and cattle alive: Experts say there will probably be nothing but dry skies for the next three months.

To help farmers deal with the dry weather conditions, the government of New South Wales, Australia's most populous state, has loosened restrictions on shooting kangaroos, as complaints emerged that the wild animals are encroaching on farmers' pastures and grazing in areas they need to keep their cattle alive.

The number of kangaroos in the state, said Niall Blair, the New South Wales Minister of Primary Industries, has reached "plague proportions", according to the Australian Broadcasting Corp. "Many farmers are taking livestock off their paddocks, only to then see kangaroos move in and take whatever is left," he said. "If we don't manage this situation, we will start to see tens of thousands of kangaroos starving and suffering, ultimately leading to a major animal welfare crisis."

Wild animals moving closer to human populations is a common side effect of drought, Amir AghaKouchak, a civil and environmental engineering professor at the University of California at Irvine, told the Washington Post.


"It happens all the time - in Australia with kangaroos, and in some other countries, even cheetahs and jaguars get closer to farms when there's a lack of water," he said.

Some observers worry that the drought's longevity is pushing Australian farmers to the brink.

On Sunday, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull introduced a A$141 million ($157m) package intended to help farmers cope with the lack of rain, which includes payments to make up for lost income and increased mental health support. The Australian Associated Press reported that those living in drought-stricken regions who need counselling will be able to access mental health professionals by phone and Skype instead of having to travel long distances for appointments.

"These are bleak times, and a lot of people find it very hard to cope," Turnbull said. "A lot of people don't want to go into town, they don't have the time to go into town, they're shy about doing so."

The Government has committed around A$500 million to drought relief in addition to relief programmes funded by the state Government in New South Wales.

"These are very exceptional circumstances, and it's important that we react and respond with the support that farmers need," the Prime Minister told reporters on Sunday.

AghaKouchak said the situation in New South Wales "looks like the most extreme in the past 50 years", calling the mental health programmes "very progressive". While many people may naturally point the finger at climate change, he said scientists are reluctant to do so because the drought was probably brought on by a combination of factors.

But global warming, AghaKouchak said, "has contributed to the severity of droughts".

As for the kangaroos?

Shooting them is not an entirely new phenomenon in Australia, where around 1 million were expected to be slaughtered last year to protect grasslands and other wildlife. Still, many worry that loosening restrictions on kangaroo hunting could wind up hurting the species.

Malcolm Turnbull has introduced an A$141 million package to help farmers cope with the drought.
Malcolm Turnbull has introduced an A$141 million package to help farmers cope with the drought.

"We see this as probably the worst possible outcome for the kangaroo," said Ray Borda, president of the Kangaroo Industries Association of Australia to the ABC.

"But I've got to emphasise we do understand the plight that farmers are in."

Appeal to help state's farmers

Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk has launched a fundraising campaign for Queensland farmers who are in the grips of a crippling drought, with some local councils not experiencing rain in a number of years.

Palaszczuk kicked off the Queensland Drought Appeal by donating A$100,000 ($111,025) on behalf of all Queenslanders.

With almost 90 per cent of the state in drought last year, Palaszczuk said it was important to support the appeal because she did not want to see Queensland farmers miss out on funding on the back of a wave of public awareness.

"We've been experiencing drought now for a number of years and we have put in place A$670 million over those five years. We haven't forgotten our farmers, we have been making sure they are getting the assistance they need," she said.

Opposition leader Deb Frecklington said she supported the appeal. "It is important that we stand beside our ag producers and our farmers. This is something that the LNP have been calling on," she said.

"There are parts of Queensland that have been in drought for nearly seven years. It is vitally important that we stand beside our farmers and we support them."

The Bureau of Meteorology, meanwhile, has warned that conditions are set to get worse before they improve. Bureau state manager Bruce Gunn said there was an increased chance of below-average rainfall in the coming months.The chances for an El Nino weather pattern, "the phenomena that causes the east coast of Australia to undergo hotter and drier weather conditions", had increased, he said.

- additional reporting