International aid has started trickling into the east African countries of Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi to ease the humanitarian crisis created by floodwaters from Cyclone Idai.
Relief efforts that were initially stifled by airport closures slowly gained steam today and foreign governments began pledging aid to help the region recover from the worst flooding in decades.
"Everyone is doubling, tripling, quadrupling whatever they were planning," said Caroline Haga of the Red Cross in Beira, Mozambique, referring to supplies and aid workers. "It's much larger than anyone could ever anticipate."
The United Nations allocated US$20 million for a humanitarian response to the crisis. The European Union released 3.5 million euros in emergency aid, while the UK pledged up to 6 million pounds. Neighbouring Tanzania's military airlifted 238 tonnes of food and medicine.
The United Arab Emirates plans to provide 18.3 million dirhams (US$4.9m) to Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi, the Emirates News Agency reported, citing the Emirates Red Crescent. Norway said it was providing 6 million krone (US$700,000).
The US Agency for International Development said it deployed disaster experts to Mozambique and provided US$400,000 in emergency funding. The African Union Commission will give US$350,000, according to its chairman.
Matthew Pickard of the humanitarian organisation Care said the response to Idai has been similar to prior natural disasters. Local authorities and international non-governmental organisations worked their way to the area in the first days, with additional aid destined to arrive soon after.
The slow-moving catastrophe of the flooding and the inability to access some of the hardest-hit areas has limited the ability of some to see the scale of the cyclone. But, Pickard said, as those details become clearer, aid will spike.
"Over the next few days we'll learn just how big it is," he said from Lilongwe, Malawi. "These are countries that are not usually making headlines and they're making headlines. With the story comes people's intent to respond empathetically."
Sacha Myers of the nonprofit Save the Children, speaking from Maputo, Mozambique, described rising floodwaters, "rivers and dams bursting their banks" and a death toll in the hundreds that was destined to climb.
She was awaiting the arrival of a cargo plane carrying 51 tonnes of emergency supplies, but said getting them where they needed to go remained difficult with roads washed away or submerged and few options for storage in dry areas.
"We're having an unfolding crisis that's getting worse and worse," she said.
The UN was deploying resources too, deputy spokesman Farhan Haq said, but logistics remained challenging and the hardest hit areas, including Chimanimani, Zimbabwe, remained inaccessible.
As better data emerges from the disaster zone, donors will be standing by to make money and other resources such as medicine available, said Dr Anne Peterson of the nonprofit health organisation Americares.
"It's early and a really big disaster gets attention fast, and the more media covers it, the more people realise there is a need and the more likely we are to see them getting engaged," she said.
Ilan Noy, chair in the economics of disasters at Victoria University in Wellington said aid was likely to flow from dozens of countries to the African nations.
How much is pledged and when, he said, correlates to the media coverage a given disaster gets, not to mention factors such as the geostrategic interests and previous colonial ties of an affected country.
Ultimately, the dollar figures that are announced can bear little meaning, with the numbers typically stand-ins for the value of salaries and supplies sent overseas.
"They don't have enough helicopters or they don't have enough doctors," Noy offered as an example. "In that emergency phase, it doesn't really matter how you count it. You need resources. You don't need cash."