Japan is in the middle of a travel boom. Political instability across much of the world has given it the appeal of a safe haven, and before the 2020 Olympics, the country has been rolling out the red carpet for visitors, writes Nikki Ekstein for Bloomberg.
Among the new perks are two luxury sleeper trains: the Twilight Express Mizukaze, which offers a circular tour around the Sanyo and Sanin areas of western Japan, and the Train Suite Shiki-shima, connecting formerly extreme corners of the countryside. There's also the just-formed Ryokan Collection, a consortium of high-end inns that aims to improve access for non-Japanese-speaking travelers outside of the major cities.
Travel to Japan showed double-digit growth in 2017 from the previous year, so you'll want to take advantage of this development and escape the crowds by hitting the stunning countryside. Here, four towns to discover before everyone else does.
For a culinary pilgrimage: Ise Shima
If your favorite word at sushi restaurants is uni, try Ise Shima. It's set at the tip of Mie prefecture-four hours southeast of Kyoto by shinkansen-and is known for its amas, or fisherwomen, who free-dive for sea urchin, abalone, and oysters. Sample their daily catch at any of the oyster stands along Ago Bay (it's best to go with a guide, who will negotiate $25 all-you-can-eat deals) or at Kagetsu, a more formal spot that makes tasting meals out of lobster-infused miso soup and abalone sautéed in a foie gras-like abalone liver sauce.
An alternate plan is a noontime visit to go pearl shopping at Mikimoto, which maintains its headquarters and a small museum in Ise Shima. Stay at the waterfront Hiramatsu Hotel & Resorts Kashikojima, one of four new hotels run by Japanese star chef Hiroyuki Hiramatsu. And don't miss a visit to the Ise Grand Shrine, one of the country's biggest and most important monuments, which gets completely rebuilt every 20 years.
For enchanted landscapes: Yakushima
Cherry blossoms get all the attention, but Japan is full of natural wonder-much of it little known. Take Yakushima. This tiny island in Japan's far south has UNESCO protection for its towering cedar forests, all draped in thick carpets of brilliant green moss. Dreamlike hiking trails are dotted with suspension bridges, river views, and ancient trees-including one sacred cedar that's considered to be 7,200 years old. On the coast, you'll find mangrove-dense beaches that are havens for loggerhead turtles; inland, you might spot unique local breeds of deer and monkeys. And in between are shops of woodworkers who give new life to fallen trees.
Stay at the sustainably minded Sankara Hotel & Spa, with 12 luxury cottages scattered throughout the forest; the innkeepers can point you toward rhododendron-heavy gardens, the island's best natural hot springs, or firefly-filled clearings with views of the Milky Way.
For architectural wonders: Shikoku
The smallest of Japan's four major islands, Shikoku is best known for its 88-temple pilgrimage route. It's a place to take in Japan's remarkable architectural heritage, from the Iya-no-Kazurabashi Bridge, which was built entirely out of thick vines by samurai 800 years ago, to the remote village houses in Iya Valley, which are now being restored by Japanophile author Alex Kerr as part of the Chiiori Trust initiative. You can even rent them out as vacation homes.
Focus on the most beautiful sections of the temple trail-like the five-storied pagoda at temple 31-and save time to visit the country's oldest Kabuki theater, Old Konpira. The Edo-era homes in the town of Mima are also worth a visit: Many are now shops, selling traditionally made kimonos and wooden sandals. Then get the ultimate contrast by visiting one of the most modern monuments in the country: the minimalist Komyo-ji Buddhist temple, where the walls of latticed joinery are the work of Pritzker Prize winner Tadao Ando. The architect has also designed a seven-room hotel in the area called Setouchi Aonagi; its concrete-framed lap pool juts out over the countryside for dramatic sunset views.
Booking an off-the-grid trip to Japan isn't especially do-it-yourself-friendly-you're better off working with local experts who can secure insider access at famously closed-off artisan studios or exploring temples with guides who can explain their full significance. If you're looking for culture, Catherine Heald of Remote Lands has an unrivaled proficiency in Japan's most hidden corners. Each trip is bespoke, and all feature top-notch guides. For a more active vacation-whether you want a sense of adventure or more hands-on experiences-try Black Tomato, whose co-founder Tom Marchant has a personal passion for Japan. For insider access, Japan Curator has an impressive Rolodex with the country's elite, facilitating everything from brown bear safaris in Hokkaido to private dinners with the cast of a live-action manga movie.