A Samoan church in Auckland has been struck off the Charities Register after its employees stole millions of dollars in church funds, and poured millions more into dubious investments.
It follows a two-year probe into the Samoan Independent Seventh Day Adventist Church (SISDAC) which operates 10 churches in the Auckland region.
An investigation report by Charities Services published today reveals a web of financial mismanagement and corruption that saw vast sums of money sourced from the church's membership funnelled into the pockets of church officials, many of whom were family relatives.
The church, whose services are held in Gagana Sāmoa, preyed almost exclusively on Auckland's sizeable Samoan population. It has no association with the Seventh-day Adventist Church in New Zealand and is not recognised as part of the official Seventh-day Adventist Church.
SISDAC was first referred to the Serious Fraud Office (SFO) by Charities Services following a 2013 investigation into the church.
The SFO probe led to the 2017 sentencing of former treasurer Elizabeth Papu to two years and nine months in prison for stealing more than $1.6 million from the church, and using the funds at a casino. That year, Charities Services opened a fresh investigation to determine whether the church knew about Papu's offending.
The investigation report found:
Elizabeth Papu misappropriated a further $766,895 that was not uncovered by the SFO probe. (Her father, Pastor Willie Papu, contends that this income came from legitimate sources).
Another former treasurer, Joseph Stowers, took $498,997 in church funds as undeclared income in 2017.
Pastor Willie Papu Junior banked more than $316,000 from the church and its World Committee bank account. (He claims they supported the church or were personal income that he paid tax on).
Pastor Willie Papu engaged in "serious wrongdoing" by taking $84,031 in church funds for him and his family, and influencing SISDAC to pay a further $63,309 of his expenses. (He submits that he never took the money for his personal benefit).
Pastor Willie Papu, who remains as an executive director of SISDAC's World Committee, is named as a key influence on the church's offending.
The report found he spearheaded large investments, including nearly $1m into the cryptocurrency OneCoin, and $1.7m into WFE Capital; the Financial Markets Authority warns that both may be scams.
Sina Hunt, a New Zealand woman who was central to establishing OneCoin's presence in the country, took more than $200,000 in SISDAC's funds for her personal benefit, as well as arranging investments into "Health Coffee" and "Organo Gold", the report found.
"The entity [SISDAC] lost all of the funds it invested in each scheme," it said.
A 2019 investigation by RNZ found Hunt had targeted several vulnerable Samoan families through SISDAC, and had convinced them to invest money they could not spare into OneCoin, which has been labelled a ponzi scheme by authorities. "We don't believe anything anymore," one woman told RNZ at the time.
In some ways, church members are still paying for the failings of their leadership.
The report found Pastor Papu had paid SISDAC $355,097 in reparations for the funds lost on the WFE Capital investment.
"Most of this money has been gifted to Pastor Willie Papu by members of SISDAC's overseas churches."
This membership also donated about $500,000 directly to the church to help recuperate from the WFE Capital and OneCoin investments.
SISDAC was removed from the Charities Register on February 5, and cannot apply to be re-registered for another six months.
Pastor Papu and former treasurer Joseph Stowers were also disqualified from being officers of charities for four years.
In the report, the Charities Registration Board said it still had concerns about Pastor Papu's influence over SISDAC's investment decisions.
In its submissions, the church denied this. Pastor Papu put it differently: "I know that Charities Services would love to kill my influence. But influence is not something you can kill. It is a legacy, built upon a lifetime of service and compassion."
* This story has been updated to clarify the church involved is the Samoan Independent Seventh Day Adventist Church