European investigators are digging deeper into possible links between far-right ideologues and the suspected Christchurch mosque gunman, who sent at least two donations to an anti-Muslim group with branches around Europe.
The probes currently concentrate on any money trails leading back to the 28-year-old suspect, who was charged this week with 50 counts of murder and 39 counts of attempted murder.
But it also reflects wider examinations into a new crop of far-right groups whose rise has paralleled the increasing use of anti-immigrant fears to buoy right-wing political parties in the West.
Among the groups most adept at stitching together the various strands of nativist anger and suspicion is the French-rooted Identitarian Movement, which promotes an alarmist message that Muslim migrants will one day overrun Western culture.
A spokesman for the French wing of the Identitarian Movement told The Washington Post on Thursday that the alleged Christchurch gunman sent an unsolicited donation of about 2200 euros ($3650) in September 2017.
That is the second European group to acknowledge receiving money from the suspected attacker. Last month, Austrian authorities raided the home of an Identitarian-linked leader, Martin Sellner, who was given a donation of nearly US$1,700 ($2520) by the accused more than a year ago.
In Germany, meanwhile, officials said they were pursuing their own probes into other possible ties between the accused Christchurch gunman and German extremists.
The Identitarian influence in Germany, Austria and France, has so far been amplified by links to members of right-wing parties, established academic associations and other groups.
The Identitarian followers are careful to not publicly condone the use of violence. Its views, though, are all about a looming clash of cultures and religion - with only one winner possible.
"One of the dangers of this ideology is that it creates an imminent threat from the outside: a coming war if we don't do anything about it," said Austrian right-wing extremism researcher Julia Ebner, with the London-based Institute for Strategic Dialogue. "A violent escalation is part of their ideology."
Identitarian movement members such as Sellner have aimed to win a battle for minds. They give frequent interviews, upload professionally produced videos to YouTube and have friends in powerful positions.
Two European security officials said that Sellner's network has links to the far-right Freedom Party in Austria and its German equivalent, the Alternative for Germany (AfD). One of the movement's German leading figures, for instance, works for an AfD member of parliament.
In Austria, the Freedom Party - which controls the Interior Ministry - has publicly vowed to confront extremist ideologies. But the Interior Ministry's past decisions raise concerns about such promises.
In Feb. 28, 2018, Austrian police raided the country's domestic intelligence agency, the BVT. Two European security officials - who spoke on the condition of anonymity because they were not allowed to speak to journalists - say that highly classified documents seized during the raid included details on Sellner's direct or indirect links to members of the Freedom Party.
This previously unreported detail comes at a time as the party has gone on a public campaign to deny any links to Sellner's group.
A spokesman for the office of Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz did not respond to questions about the February 2018 raid.
Sellner acknowledged that the group's ideas may shape policies of Austrian far-right politicians, but he denied direct ties to any political party. "We don't have any connections to them," he said.
But experts believe overlap is inevitable by the way the group recruits: mainly targeting young academics and other politically active figures instead of violent extremists.
One recruitment priority for the Identitarian Movement was the German military university, even though the Military Counterintelligence Service stopped those efforts.
In 2017, Sellner was among a group of far-right activists who chartered a ship to "defend Europe" from an influx of migrants across the Mediterranean Sea.
Sellner, who has acknowledged that he participated in neo-Nazi activities when he was younger, said his goal now is to stop what he fears is an "Islamization" in Europe.
The Identitarian Movement in its present form originated in France nearly 15 years ago, said Romain Espino, a spokesman for Generation Identitaire, the name of the French branch.
"In terms of the way we work, each country is independent," he said.
But the French movement, he acknowledged, has significant contacts with others in Italy, Germany and especially Austria, the home of Sellner.
Espino noted that he had seen Sellner on a number of occasions, including during a protest in Vienna and at the 2018 "summer university" hosted by Generation Identitaire.
These events - which bring together movement members from across Europe - have occurred annually for the past 15 years, Espino said.
Sellner acknowledged that the United States was distinct from Europe, but he praised Trump for his "clear border control policy" and "antiglobalist agenda of national identity," as well as his "national economic policy."
In countries where Christian identity is part of mainstream politics, such as Germany and Austria, the group has doubled down on its emphasis on a conflict of cultures and religions. In more multicultural places, such as Britain, the messaging has been very different.
"There, they stayed away from anything that emphasizes race and ethnicity. Instead, they built their messaging around Muslim grooming gangs, for instance. They know where the grievances lie," said Ebner, the researcher.
To gain access to right-wing extremist circles online and offline, Ebner has adopted false identities a number of times.
In October 2017, she attended an Identitarian Movement launch meetup in South London, with Martin Sellner and his American then-girlfriend and now-fiancee, Brittany Pettibone, among about two dozen attendees. Other members had travelled from France and Denmark, Ebner recalled.
"It's clear from their training camps and militarized language that they prepare for a potentially violent scenario, even though they would never publicly condone violence," she said.
Once Ebner went public with her 2017 experience and other related research, she started receiving death threats, she said.