Tesla reported that it eked out a first-quarter net profit Wednesday and its CEO Elon Musk went on a rant about the legality of US government stay-home orders issued to prevent the coronavirus from spreading.
The electric car and solar panel company said it made US$16 million ($26m) from January through March, its third-straight profitable quarter.
But the company suspended its near-term profit outlook, and on a conference call, chief executive Musk railed against the orders, one of which is keeping his Fremont, California, assembly plant from reopening.
"Forcibly imprisoning people in their homes is against all their constitutional rights," Musk said. "People should be outraged."
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An order in the six-county San Francisco Bay Area forced Tesla to close the plant starting March 23 to help prevent the virus' spread, and it was extended until the end of May. Public health experts in the US say the orders have reduced the number of new coronavirus cases nationwide.
The virus causes mild or moderate symptoms for most people. But it has killed more than 60,000 people in the United States, with the death toll rising.
As other car-makers move to reopen their US factories, it's unclear when Tesla will be able to restart production in Fremont. Musk called the plant closure a "serious risk." The factory had recently begun cranking out Tesla's new Model Y small SUV, which it said has been profitable early in its life cycle.
It also appears the stay-home order may force Tesla to dial back its forecast to produce more than 500,000 vehicles in 2020. The company didn't give a new estimate and said it's unclear how fast parts makers can resume production.
Shares of Tesla leaped nearly 9 per cent in extended trading Wednesday after the results were released. Tesla stock has more than doubled in value so far this year.
Excluding one-time items, Tesla earned US$1.24 per share. That easily beat Wall Street estimates of a 28-cent-per-share loss, according to FactSet.
Revenue for the quarter was up 32 per cent to US$5.55 billion, but it still missed Wall Street expectations. The increase was aided by US$354 million from sales of electric vehicle credits to other automakers so they can meet government regulations. That's a 63 per cent increase from a year ago.
Tesla said it is managing working capital and cutting non-critical spending as it deals with the coronavirus crisis. It also moved deliveries of its new electric semi from this year to next.
"We believe we are well-positioned to manage near-term uncertainty while achieving our long-term plans," the company said in its quarterly investor letter.
Musk also said Tesla will test the company's full self-driving feature by the end of the year, and he hopes to deploy the system with humans monitoring it in early 2021, depending on regulatory approval.
Tesla reported stronger-than-expected first quarter global sales. It delivered 88,400 vehicles during the first three months of the year, a 40 per cent increase from a year ago. That was aided by production at its new factory in Shanghai.
The first-quarter net profit was the first in its history for the seasonally weak quarter.
Wall Street's enthusiastic reaction to the first-quarter results puts Musk on the cusp of reaping a huge payday as part of a deal he struck with Tesla's board two years ago.
Musk agreed to forgo a salary in exchange for an incentive package that will award him bundles of stock options priced at US$350.02 per share if he hits a series of targets for Tesla's financial performance and market value.
Having already reached the first set of goals for revenue and adjusted earnings, Tesla now only needs to average a market value of US$100 billion during a six-month period to trigger Musk's option on 1.69 million shares and build up upon a fortune already estimated at US$40 billion by Forbes.
Those options are currently worth about US$890 million, based on their exercise price and Tesla's stock price of US$871 in Wednesday extended trading.
If the stock trades on the same trajectory Thursday, Tesla's market value will have averaged about US$99 billion over the past six months, based on Associated Press calculations drawn from data provided by FactSet.