ANZ Bank followed ASB as the first major banks to increase variable home loan rates after the Reserve Bank announced it would increase the official cash rate from 0.5 per cent to 0.75 per cent today.
ASB said it has decided to pass through 0.15 per cent, increasing its variable home loan rate from 4.45 per cent to 4.6 per cent and its orbit rate from 4.55 per cent to 4.7 per cent.
A special rate for new builds called Back my Build would also rise from 2.04 per cent to 2.29 per cent.
ANZ followed soon after, saying it will increase rates on its floating and flexible home loans by 0.20 per cent. Interest rates will also increase on a number of savings and call accounts, the bank said.
Craig Sims, ASB executive general manager retail banking, said the bank had held off increasing its variable rates after the October OCR rise but today's increase would be partially passed through to customers in reflection of changing market conditions.
The new variable rate would be effective for new loans from December 1 and applied to existing loans from December 8.
In October, ASB committed to holding off passing through any OCR increases for the rest of 2021 to its business base rate in recognition of the tough trading conditions many small business owners are currently facing.
In some good news for savers, the bank said it would also increase deposit rates on its Savings Plus and Headstart accounts increasing them by 0.25 per cent and taking the maximum interest rate to 0.65 per cent.
The increase for the Headstart accounts will apply from December 1 while customers with the Savings Plus accounts will have to wait until January 1, 2022.
Ben Kelleher, ANZ managing director for personal banking, said the economic conditions that have supported historically low interest rates have changed and the RBNZ was one of the first central banks to start tightening monetary policy since the pandemic started in the face of inflation.
"For a while now we've been encouraging customers to take advantage of the low interest rate environment and pay off as much of their debt as they can," Kelleher said.
"We've seen a continued increase in fixed mortgages with around 90 per cent of our home loan balances now on fixed rates."
The Reserve Bank's forecasts show it lifting the cash rate to a peak of around 2.5 per cent by late 2023.
CoreLogic chief property economist Kelvin Davidson said the implications for the residential property market were clear - father mortgage interest rates are to come.
"With most shorter-term fixed rates now pushing up towards (or above) the 4 per cent mark, we've already seen them pretty much double from the previous lows, and figures of 5 per cent or more wouldn't be a surprise over the next 6-12 months either."
While that was still low by past standards Davidson said many borrowers on rolling one-year terms could see a significant shift in mortgage costs.
He pointed to Reserve Bank data which showed $227.8 billion in mortgages are either floating or due to roll over in the next year.
"This equates to 71 per cent of all lending – a lot of funding which when refixed will likely lead to greater mortgage repayments and subsequently less disposable income."
But at least one real estate firm is arguing the rate rise won't dent enthusiasm by renters wanting to buy.
Tim Kearins, owners of Century 21 New Zealand said that was because for first home buyers paying a mortgage remained comparable or cheaper than paying record-high rents.
"People are waking up to the fact that they can either buy and set their interest rate at 4.5 per cent or wait and pay 6 per cent - which is 33.3 per cent more."
Kearins said rents were rising as demand remained high and supply was down.
"Property prices also continue to rise. However, we're at least now seeing the likes of many more townhouses coming onto the market, providing first-home buyers a relatively affordable entry point."
He said his agency was seeing a big increase in listings as Covid-19 restrictions started lifting.
"This latest Reserve Bank hike will not deter Kiwis from purchasing property and locking in some good, fixed rates. Homeownership remains a safe long-term bet. It is a proven way to help maintain people's living standards and lifestyle later in life," Kearins said.