Claire Trevett is the New Zealand Herald’s deputy political editor.

Claire Trevett: Brownlee's Operation Little proves a success

At first blush, the Government's invitation to Labour leader Andrew Little to visit the troops in Iraq appeared to be a trick. Photo / Defence Public Affairs
At first blush, the Government's invitation to Labour leader Andrew Little to visit the troops in Iraq appeared to be a trick. Photo / Defence Public Affairs

At first blush, the Government's invitation to Labour leader Andrew Little to visit the troops in Iraq appeared to be a trick.

The question is not so much why Little took up the invitation to go along with Defence Minister Gerry Brownlee. Despite having criticised Prime Minister John Key's own visit to Iraq as a photo op, Little had no qualms about brandishing photos of himself striding manfully around Taji in his flak jacket.

The bigger question is why the invitation was issued in the first place.

A superficial interpretation of the Government's motivations is that it put Little in an awkward situation. Politically, it was a risky move for Little. Labour vehemently opposed sending the troops to Iraq last year, yet there Little was, meeting those very same troops.

It is not unheard of for Opposition leaders to visit troops on deployment. Last year, Australian Labor leader Bill Shorten visited the troops at Taji.

The difference between him and Little was Shorten was able to stand before the troops and assure them they had Labor's bipartisan support.

Little's message to the troops was somewhat more complex. It appeared to consist of telling those troops he thought they were doing a good job while sticking to his line that the job they were doing was futile.

Should Little oppose future deployments, he has handed his rivals an encyclopedia of photos and gushing comments with which to lambast him.

The prospect of watching Little squirm in front of those whose deployment he had opposed may well have been the cherry on the top for National. But the reason to extend the invitation was more serious than that.

Little's inclusion on the visit is the most concrete sign to date that the Government is considering extending the two-year deployment or is considering another commitment. That decision must be made in the next six months.

Thus far Key has claimed that no request has been made for New Zealand to remain and he has not seen anything to change his mind on the length of the deployment.

But a Defence Force review of the operation in March found it was having "a tangible and positive effect" and warranted staying until at least next year. That review has not been released in full and a Cabinet Paper referring to it has included only the positive references, while an entire paragraph on the "challenges to overcome" was redacted. In December, Brownlee also revealed the US Defence Secretary had written to New Zealand to seek a bigger contribution - a position Little was willing to entertain, provided there was a UN mandate for any such exercise. That mandate was provided by a Security Council resolution in November which the Government interpreted as offering political and legal sanction for military action in Iraq and Syria. Key said at the time the Government would consider the request, although his "gut feeling" was that the training force was enough.

Things are never quite so black and white once you're on the ground in Taji.

Once National does settle on its next steps - and it seems clear there will be next steps, regardless of whether it is a continuation of the training or in another area - they would prefer to do it with broader political support than the current deployment had.

Enter Operation Little. Inviting Little to Taji was a form of insurance to try to revert to a bipartisan stance on such matters. If further evidence was needed, NZ First leader Winston Peters was also invited on the trip but declined. The Green Party was the only Opposition Party that was not invited, perhaps considered a lost cause when it comes to support for such deployments.

Operation Little may have had some success. Things are never quite so black and white once you're on the ground in Taji.

Little has had to reassess some of the reasons for his original opposition. He moderated his broad-sweeping position on the lack of discipline and motivation of the Iraqi troops in the wake of his visit, saying trainers and Iraqi commanders told him while some Iraqi soldiers were motivated, others were not. In that respect, Little likely received much the same briefing as media on the PM's trip last year. That included analysis of the complex reasons for lack of motivation in the Iraqi forces - such as strong religious and regional affiliations and mindgames and the efforts trainers had to put in to reverse a perception Islamic State were undefeatable.

Another reason for Little's initial opposition was the safety of the troops and scepticism about whether they would remain "behind the wire". That was based on the blurred line between combat and non-combat in Afghanistan. But Little's visit should at least have reassured him that in Taji the words non-combat are a far more realistic option than Afghanistan.

Camp Taji is a grim place if ambience is what you are looking for. But it is secure. The threat risk is still high because of the risk of attacks on the base. But the troops themselves who had worked in both Afghanistan and Iraq remarked on the comparative safety - there are no ground patrols, for instance. The bigger fear was snake or spider bites.

There is another reason for National's wish for a return to bipartisan support for such missions. International partners such as the US are understandably nervous about a split on issues such as intelligence, security and defence, and in New Zealand there have been splits in all three areas. Both major parties have been guilty of playing politics and appear to have learned lessons. Labour has learned it will not be rewarded by voters for playing silly buggers in areas of national interest.

National has learned it cannot take bipartisanship on such issues for granted, something it was guilty of doing. Efforts to remedy this have included Little's visit to Iraq and putting Little on the calling card for NSA boss Jim Clapper on his visit to New Zealand earlier this year - a precursor to the rewrite of intelligence laws which Key has said he will not go ahead with without support from Labour.

As for the war, National was hoping for a human rather than political reaction from Little by taking him to Taji. The best salespeople for the deployment are the soldiers themselves.

Little's position is now more opaque and less naive. He maintained he still had concerns about the abilities of the Iraq forces and set the Iraqi forces a very high test by which he will assess the impact of training - if they can retake Fallujah and Mosul. But he did not call for the troops to be withdrawn.

Asked if Labour would support extending the deployment, he didn't quite say yes. But nor did he say no. Brownlee can consider that a mission accomplished.

Debate on this issue is now closed.

- NZ Herald

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Claire Trevett is the New Zealand Herald’s deputy political editor.

Claire Trevett is the New Zealand Herald’s deputy political editor and joined the Press Gallery in 2007. She began with the Herald in 2003 as the Northland reporter before moving to Auckland where her rounds included education and media. A graduate of AUT's post-graduate diploma in journalism, Claire began her journalism career in 2002 at the Northern Advocate in Whangarei. Claire has conjoint Bachelor of Law/ Bachelor of Arts degrees from the University of Canterbury.

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