It can be easy to judge past events and practices from the position of the present.

Few would now find it acceptable today to dress a sea lion in human clothing and train him to hold a pipe in his mouth and perform trained behaviours such as Flash (1966‒1987) did at Napier's Marineland.

In the era that Flash performed at Marineland there was little opposition to animal captivity, and he was much loved by his trainers and general public, but attitudes against this began to change in the 1980s.

Flash arrived at Marineland in 1967 and was selected by Rob

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