Two hundred and fifty years ago, in October 1769, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew of the HM (His Majesty's) Bark Endeavour off the East Coast of New Zealand, noticed the presence of birds and seaweed, which suggested they might be near land.

Not since Abel Tasman's visit in 1642, had a European reached New Zealand, although Tasman never set foot on land.

On October 7, at 2pm, Cook records in his journal that land was sighted from the mast of the ship. It was by ship's boy, Nicholas Young. His feat was rewarded by Cook with a gallon of

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