Northland: Moved by the spirits

By Peter de Graaf

Peter de Graaf tries out Northland’s best candidate for Great Walk status, the three-to-four day Te Paki Coastal Trail.
Cape Reinga lighthouse and Te Rerenga Wairua, the place where spirits leap, in the Far North. Photo / NZME.
Cape Reinga lighthouse and Te Rerenga Wairua, the place where spirits leap, in the Far North. Photo / NZME.

The mosquitoes up there are as big as sparrows, they told me. They come in swarms so big they blot out the sky, they added ominously.

It turned out the dire warnings about the mosquitoes that guard the very northern tip of Aotearoa were only half true: They are normal size but there are an awful lot of them. I know this because my new tent, far from being insect-proof as claimed by its manufacturers, turned out to be a cunningly designed mosquito trap. But more about that later.

New Zealand has nine tramping tracks classed as Great Walks by the Department of Conservation (DoC). They include some of the country's best-known tramps - like the Milford Track and the Tongariro Northern Circuit, which includes the hugely popular Tongariro Crossing - but they don't necessarily have more spectacular scenery than tramps without the Great Walk label.

What they do have is a guarantee of well-formed, well-marked trails, bridges spanning any tricky river crossings, and comfortable huts a modest day's walking apart.

They are also heavily marketed and relatively expensive to walk. Most need to be booked in advance. None are further north than Lake Waikaremoana in Te Urewera National Park.

Every few years, calls resurface for a Great Walk in Northland. Having a trail in the same category as the Milford Track would boost the region's profile and lure nature-loving tourists, but where would you put it? Waipoua has the country's largest remaining kauri forest but no established multi-day trail; Cape Brett is spectacular but the walk to the lighthouse only takes a day, then you have to retrace your steps or catch a boat out. That leaves Te Paki Coastal Trail, a three- to four-day walk around the northern tip of New Zealand. I decided to put it to the test.

One problem with that trail is that it isn't a loop. And, unfortunately, outside the summer peak you can't leave your car at one end and be confident it'll still be there when you finish. So I decided to park at Waitiki Landing, a holiday park about 20km south of Cape Reinga, and see if hitch-hiking in Northland was as good as I remembered from my youth.

I'd walked about five paces and hadn't even put my thumb out when a battered sedan screeched to a halt. Inside was Florian, a charming young Swiss traveller, and what looked like a mobile rubbish tip. When he heard I wanted to go to Te Paki Stream he changed his mind about heading to the Cape and dropped me off at the trailhead instead.

I left Florian to scramble up New Zealand's highest sand dune while I set off down the stream, weighed down by several days' food and a new tent. Te Paki Stream doubles as the northernmost vehicle access to Ninety Mile Beach so at times you have to dodge a procession of tourist buses. I had it to myself.

The stream skirts a series of golden, Sahara-like dunes before emptying into the Tasman Sea. From there it's about an hour's walk to Scott Pt at the top of Ninety Mile Beach, where the track climbs a steep wooden staircase to a strange plateau of sun-baked clay and stunted manuka.

After another sweltering hour the trail descends to the evocatively named Twilight Beach, where there are no four-wheel-drives to ruin the ambience, just an empty expanse of sand, shorebirds, and dunes shrouded in salt spray.

At its southern end, DOC has set up a campground as lovely as any you'll find, with toilets, a water supply, a cooking shelter and space for a few tents overlooking the sea.

I didn't quite have the beach to myself. Arnie, a German giant planning to walk to Ahipara, had set up camp already. His only food seemed to be a box of couscous. He claimed not to be hungry but hoovered up my leftovers like a starving man.

Te Paki sand dunes in Northland. Photo / 123RF
Te Paki sand dunes in Northland. Photo / 123RF

After watching the sun sink into the sea I made the first of many unpleasant discoveries about my tent. Two plastic panels pretending to be windows had ripped, providing a perfect entry for mosquitoes. I sacrificed half my supply of plasters to patch the holes, only to find the tent was cleverly designed to let in insects in two other places as well.

I resolved to demand a refund until I remembered I'd bought the tent in a closing-down sale. I spent most of the night squashing mosquitoes into bloody splotches.

The climb at the other end of Twilight Beach the next morning brought me to another plateau, this one with a Mars-like landscape of bare apricot-coloured earth, unlike anything I've seen in New Zealand.

It also offered spectacular views of Cape Maria van Diemen, named by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in an early kind of naming rights deal honouring his patron's wife. It's a dramatic sight with a series of rocky outcrops linked to the mainland by a wind-swept sandspit, ending in a bleak, scrubby island crowned by an abandoned lighthouse.

The 90-minute detour to the cape brought more great views as far as the Three Kings Islands silhouetted on the horizon, and crossed dunes littered with thousands of empty, sun-bleached flax snail shells. Now endangered, the pupu harakeke must have been incredibly common in the not-too-distant past.

From there the trail descended to Te Werahi Beach, bringing a first glimpse of Cape Reinga and another long trudge across the sand, then a steep climb up a sun-baked ridge to the lighthouse.

For all the beauty and significance of Cape Reinga or Te Rerenga Wairua, the jumping-off place of the spirits, returning to civilisation was a shock. After half an hour of screeching children and buffoons unable to read the "no dogs" signs, put there to protect rare wildlife, I was relieved to pick up the track again.

From the lighthouse, the trail drops steeply to stunning Sandy Bay, where, according to the signs, whales occasionally swim right into the bay and use the rocks to scrape barnacles off their bellies.

I had encrustations of my own to wash off after two sweltering days' tramping without a shower. My skinny dip at Sandy Bay stripped away the sweat and fatigue and was fantastically refreshing.

I was tempted to stay the night but pressed on instead. Another steep climb was rewarded with extraordinary views of the sun sparkling off water and a series of headlands reaching back to Te Rerenga Wairua as the trail followed the clifftops to Tapotupotu, a DOC campground at the water's edge.

Tapotupotu, which can be accessed by road, was also busy, but the tourists there were a different breed. I passed a pleasant evening talking to young Germans and Swedes excited to be camping amid such scenery. Then darkness fell and my tent developed another split. The night was torture, with brief snatches of sleep punctuated by frenzies of slapping and squashing. Dawn was a relief.

The last day was a tired, blistered blur. I recall the track swinging inland and traversing a sharp ridge with only bonsai-sized manuka for shade during frequent rests. I literally bumped into the only other person I met on the trail, a young Englishman with the most extraordinary ginger sideburns I've seen. I also remember the blissful shade of the first real bush on the trail, a boardwalk curving hundreds of metres across a vast tidal lagoon, and a last, energy-sapping trudge through soft silica sand to Spirits Bay. I was very pleased to reach the campground. I didn't even notice the mozzies.

So could the Te Paki Coastal Trail qualify as a Great Walk? It ticks the boxes for duration (three to four days), track quality, terrain (mostly easy with no dodgy river crossings), scenery (spectacular) and uniqueness (rare plant species and landscapes like the giant dunes at Te Paki). And none of the existing Great Walks can match Te Rerenga Wairua for spiritual significance.

All Te Paki lacks are huts spaced a day's walk apart. But with cuts to DOC's budget since 2009, which have seen the department slash jobs and rely increasingly on sponsorship and volunteers, it's unlikely a chain of huts will be built in Northland any time soon.

Whether or not it's ever officially declared a Great Walk, Te Paki Coastal Trail is most definitely a great walk. Pack your hiking boots, a tent, a bit of food and some insect repellent, and enjoy. And do it before the rest of the world finds out.


The Te Paki Coastal Trail takes three to four days from either Te Paki Stream or Spirits Bay. It matters little which direction you walk it. You can shorten the trail by starting or finishing at Cape Reinga or the DoC campground at Tapotupotu; if you start at Spirits Bay you could carry on walking down Ninety Mile Beach for another three days until you reach Ahipara.

There are no huts so you need to carry a tent as well as your food and other essentials. If you want any sleep your tent should be mosquito-proof. You may also want to bring insect repellent, a sunhat and sunblock.

You can camp anywhere along the route (except at Cape Reinga) but bear in mind the availability of water. Bore water is on tap at Spirits Bay/Kapowairua and Tapotupotu campgrounds, as well as the "micro-campings" at Twilight Bay and Pandora and a drinking fountain at Cape Reinga. There is very little fresh water between these points so a good-sized bottle is a must.

In the Christmas-New Year period you can leave your car at Spirits Bay and ask the warden to keep an eye on it. At other times the campground is unattended. The safest option then is to leave your car at Waitiki Landing holiday park for $5 a night; from there you can hitch-hike to your starting point or the friendly staff can arrange a shuttle. It costs $80 to have a group dropped off at one end and picked up at the other a few days later but with no cellphone coverage in the area, you can't change the pickup time.

Camping at Spirits Bay/Kapowairua and Tapotupotu costs $6 per person per night. The Twilight and Pandora campgrounds are free.


There are more than 100 walks, tracks, loops and routes in Northland, most of which are maintained by the Department of Conservation. These cater to a wide range of ages and fitness levels and vary in length from 30 minutes to three days.


- NZ Herald

Get the news delivered straight to your inbox

Receive the day’s news, sport and entertainment in our daily email newsletter


© Copyright 2016, NZME. Publishing Limited

Assembled by: (static) on production bpcf05 at 22 Oct 2016 23:04:35 Processing Time: 470ms