At this time of year the vegetable garden should be full of green growth. If your planning has been thorough the garden will now be full of vegetables for winter use.
Spinach, Silverbeet, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli and Brussel Sprouts, if nearing maturity they will benefit from a liquid feed of 'Ican Fast Food' or similar so that the nutrients are immediately available. These vegetables are heavy feeders and a fertiliser application at this time will increase their size and maintain good health.
Slugs and snails are likely to be active on young seedlings, lay pellets to protect plants from attack.
If you have areas of bare soil, lime can be added to improve soil structure. Test your soil and if the ph is less than 6.5 add lime to the soil and mix in. pH testers are available at garden centres. Do not add any compost or manure when you lime.
Liming can be done at any time but June is one of the most suitable months. If drainage is poor in your vegetable patch then consider creating raised beds to offers a simple remedy.
Frost covers should be brought out of the shed and on clear nights where the temperature looks set to drop below 4˚ tender plants should be covered. The use of cloches at this time of year can greatly enhance growth rates. Any such methods where soil temperature can be increased during these cooler months will increase growth.
Planting lettuce plants on a small mound of compost or mulched with straw or even black plastic mounding as for strawberry plantings, can help to give a good winter lettuce crop.
What to Plant Now
Early potatoes; there are a few varieties eg; Jersey Benne, Ilam Hardy and Agria available now in garden centres. If they are planted now you should be digging new potatoes before or around Labour Weekend in October.
It is not absolutely necessary to sprout potatoes before planting but it is a good gardening practise to do so which pays good dividends in the resulting crop. Potatoes planted now will require vigilant mounding of new growth through the winter to prevent frost damage. As with later potato crops, applications of 'Tui Potato Food' will be beneficial.
June is a good month to plant out Garlic, Shallots and Onions. These are all excellent vegetables for healthy living, they are not difficult and take up so little room. Before planting sprinkle the ground with general fertiliser and fork in. Onions need the ground to be firm, tramp first and plant the root only after having trimmed the root and cut the tops. Both Red California and Pukekoe Longkeeper are available now as transplants in punnets or alternatively grow some from seed.
Strawberry plants perform best if they are planted during the winter months. Plants will produce best in their first two years, it is recommended that you replace plants after the third year.
Carrots and beetroot seeds can be sown after the shortest day next week. Carrots generally require a deeply worked soil with extra sulphate of potash. They do not like soil that has been fertilised with nitrogen as this will cause forking so avoid using rich animal manures and the like.
Time to sow seeds of broad beans if you have not already or plant a second crop. Try 'Chefs Best Ican Broad Bean' called Mr Green Seed, it will produce a great crop of beans that look good and taste good. 'Mr Green Seed' produces beans that remain green after cooking. Rich in minerals, vitamins A & C, and dietary fibre. Broad beans sown now will give you heavy crops of delicious beans in late winter and spring.
Gareth Carter is the General Manager of Springvale Garden Centre.