United Airlines' chief executive is defending his employees after a passenger who refused to give up his plane seat to a crew member was pulled screaming into the aisle by security, battered, bloodied and finally dragged back to the terminal at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport on Sunday.
But international outrage continued into Tuesday morning, with United's stock price falling, memes exploding and disturbing videos of the incident shared across the world.
In China, where United bills itself as a top carrier, tens of millions of people have read or shared a report that the passenger claimed he was targeted for being Chinese. Many there are now echoing calls in the United States for a boycott.
United Airlines Training video! pic.twitter.com/T8RAOm2mcV— Hodgetwins (@hodgetwins) April 11, 2017
"Like you, I was upset to see and hear about what happened last night," United chief executive Oscar Munoz wrote to his entire company - while defending the crew's conduct on the Louisville-bound plane as "established procedures."
"I deeply regret this situation arose," Munoz wrote, according to the Associated Press." But: "I want to commend you for continuing to go above and beyond to ensure we fly right."
However, United Airlines CEO Oscar Munoz issued an apology on Twitter early this morning.
United's brief initial response to the incident - that Flight 3411 was "overbooked" and police were called after a man "refused to leave the aircraft voluntarily" - has now given way to a fuller story told by witnesses, police, the Chicago Department of Aviation and Munoz himself:
Passengers were bumped at the last minute to clear way for airline employees, and a man who angrily refused to leave was violently evicted by a Chicago security officer who has since been suspended.
It's a story that has shaken a global air carrier worth billions of dollars - and one that people around the world can find nothing right in at all.
In early trading Tuesday morning, the company had lost hundreds of millions of dollars in market capital, according to MarketWatch.
Flight 3411 had finished boarding Sunday evening, according to a summary of the incident attached to Munoz's letter, when "gate agents were approached by crew members" who needed seats.
Passengers were initially offered money if they gave up their seats, but no one volunteered.
If the off-duty crew had not been able to get to Louisville that night, a United spokesman told the Courier Journal, another flight might have been canceled. So the airline invoked what it describes as its "involuntary denial of boarding process."
Which is where the trouble started.
When passengers expecting to take off for Louisville learned that some of them would be forced to leave, the mood on the jet quickly soured, Tyler Bridges told The Washington Post.
Bridges and his wife were on the last leg of a journey home from Japan, he said. Before takeoff, an airline supervisor brusquely announced: "This flight's not leaving until four people get off."
And since no passenger was willing, United would choose.
A unlucky young couple "begrudgingly got up and left," Bridges recalled.
The third evictee complied, too.
United Airlines is pleased to announce new seating on all domestic flights- in addition to United First and Economy Plus we introduce.... pic.twitter.com/KQjPClU2d2— McNeil (@Reflog_18) April 10, 2017
But when the crew approached what Chicago police told NBC was a 69-year-old Asian man in a window seat, he refused.
"He says, 'Nope. I'm not getting off the flight,'" Bridges said. "'I'm a doctor and have to see patients tomorrow morning.'"
United said crew members apologetically told the man to leave, several times, "and each time he refused and became more and more disruptive and belligerent."
"He wasn't cussing, but he was yelling and he was upset," Bridges said. "He said, more or less, 'I'm being selected because I'm Chinese.'" (Another witness on the plane said the man was originally from Vietnam, according to the BBC.)
So the airline called the Chicago Department of Aviation, which handles security at O'Hare International.
An officer boarded. Then a second and a third.
By then, Bridges and another passenger were taking video on their cellphones - footage that would soon be seen by millions.
As officers leaned over the lone holdout in a window seat, passengers across the aisle sympathized with him.
"Can't they rent a car for the pilots?" a woman asks in the videos.
Out of frame, the man suddenly screams.
One of the officers quickly reaches across two empty seats, yanks him up and pulls him into the aisle.
"My God!" someone yells - not for the first time.
The man's face smacked an arm rest as the officer pulled him, according to witnesses and police.
"It looked like it knocked him out," Bridges said. "His nose was bloody."
In any case, in the video, the man goes limp after hitting the floor.
Blood trickling from his mouth, his glasses nearly knocked off his face, he clutches his cellphone an officer drags him by both arms down the aisle.
"Like a rag doll," as one witness wrote on Twitter.
"What are you doing?" someone asks in the video, as the man slides past. "No! This is wrong."
When the man was gone and all four seats were free, Bridges said, the four stranded crew members boarded and took them.
They were jeered, he recalled: "People were saying you should be ashamed to work for this company."
Had the plane left then, that might still have been enough to spark the fury that would come when Bridge's video went public.
But a few minutes later, the man ran back onto the plane.
"He continued to resist," United wrote in its summary, "running back onto the aircraft in defiance of both our crew and security officials."
In Bridges' second video, the man appears frantic. His clothes are still mussed from the dragging, his mouth bloody.
"I have to go home," he keeps saying. "I have to go home."
A group of high school students stood up and left the plan at that point, Bridges said. "They don't need to see this anymore," their escort explained to other passengers.
The airline eventually cleared everyone from the plane, and did not let them back on until the man was removed a second time - in a stretcher.
Bridges and his wife got home to Louisville a few hours later that night.
The next day, while the injured man's identity was still unknown, videos from the plane would be seen by millions of people.
News of the incident dominated news shows and social media - with people live-Tweeting alleged overbooking incidents.
United pointed to unspecified law enforcement for everything seen in the video, which led Chicago police to issue a statement claiming the injured man "fell."
But late Monday afternoon, the Chicago Department of Aviation - a different agency - said it had suspended one of the officers in the video:
"The incident on United flight 3411 was not in accordance with our standard operating procedure and the actions of the aviation security officer are obviously not condoned by the Department," the agency said in a statement. "That officer has been placed on leave effective today pending a thorough review of the situation."
Tuesday morning, as the CEO's defensive letter spread online, United's stock fell 3 percent in early trading in the United States.
UNITED CEO OSCAR MUNOZ's LETTER TO EMPLOYEES AFTER THE SCANDAL
Like you I was upset to see and hear about what happened last night aboard United Express Flight 3411 headed from Chicago to Louisville. While the facts and circumstances are still evolving, especially with respect to why this customer defied Chicago Aviation Security Officers the way he did, to give you a clearer picture of what transpired, I've included below a recap from the preliminary reports filed by our employees.
As you will read, this situation was unfortunately compounded when one of the passengers we politely asked to deplane refused and it became necessary to contact Chicago Aviation Security Officers to help. Our employees followed established procedures for dealing with situations like this. While I deeply regret this situation arose, I also emphatically stand behind all of you, and I want to commend you for continuing to go above and beyond to ensure we fly right.
I do, however, believe there are lessons we can learn from this experience, and we are taking a close look at the circumstances surrounding this incident.
Treating our customers and each other with respect and dignity is at the core of who we are, and we must always remember this no matter how challenging the situation.
Summary of Flight 3411
On Sunday, April 9, after United Express Flight 3411 was fully boarded, United's gate agents were approached by crewmembers that were told they needed to board the flight.
We sought volunteers and then followed our involuntary denial of boarding process (including offering up to $1,000 in compensation) and when we approached one of these passengers to explain apologetically that he was being denied boarding, he raised his voice and refused to comply with crew member instructions.
He was approached a few more times after that in order to gain his compliance to come off the aircraft and each time he refused and became more and more disruptive and belligerent.
Our agents were left with no choice, but to call Chicago Aviation Security Officers to assist in removing the customer from the flight, he repeatedly decline to leave.
Chicago Aviation security Officers were unable to gain is cooperation and physically removed him from the flight as he continued to resist - running back onto the aircraft in defiance of both out crew and security officials.