Budget 2019 has been the focus for many of us over the past fortnight, and it certainly delivered from a wellbeing perspective – with significant new investments across mental health, child welfare and support of Māori and Pasifika.

In addition, throw in a strong, positive capital-spend programme – with hospitals, schools, apprenticeships, KiwiRail and a mix of investments designed to improve land use – and there was, on the face of it, much to welcome.

But will Budget 2019 prove immediately transformative for Northland's economy? No, not really. Equally, the investments that are included in the budget will take time