An American-style pursuit of wealth has finally defeated the British obsession with social class, claims author Martin Amis.
Sending a child to Eton College was once a class statement. But now it is a display of mere spending power, the novelist argues in a BBC4 documentary, Martin Amis's England, to be screened this weekend.
Amis, who moved to New York with his family in 2012, reflects on educational opportunities in his native country.
"When I was of that age [a teenager], there was a vast gulf between state schools and public schools and it was a class gulf. But now, I think, it's no longer a reflection of class, it's a reflection of money," the Radio Times quotes him saying in the film.
Amis, author of the acclaimed 1984 novel Money, which satirised the excesses of the Thatcher-era greed, said: "Money has won. It had always won in America but now it's won in England too.
"So if you put your son's name down for Eton it's because you can afford to do that, it's not because it's any class-granted right. I have no nostalgia for the class society but I have no very great enthusiasm about the money society."
Amis' comments will fuel the debate over the influence currently wielded by old Etonians. Education Secretary Michael Gove criticised the number of former Eton pupils in David Cameron's inner circle, describing their prominence as ridiculous. Putative Conservative leadership candidate Boris Johnson is also an old Etonian.
Amis, 64, reflects on the social aspirations of his father, novelist Kingsley Amis. "We were very poor when I was a baby, and then things began to look up when my father's first novel was published when I was 7 and life visibly improved," the Time's Arrow author writes. "But even then there was no question of bursting into the upper middle classes - you were still completely defined by your birth, not by your achievements.
"In my mid-teens I was obsessed by class and ambitious to rise up from, you'd have to say, lower middle class origins.
"I got hold of some early tape of one of my father's first TV interviews and he sounded ridiculous, he'd talk in that lah-di-dah way, hoity-toity, giving himself airs, and that accent has completely disappeared, but it was almost standard for anyone who was not working class to talk like that."
Amis examines his experience of England for the BBC after his move to New York with wife Isabel Fonseca and their children was interpreted, in the author's words, as "me saying, 'England can go f*** itself'."
He believes that the monarchy "is nearing the end of the road. It's connected with our love of Upstairs, Downstairs, those country-house dramas, it's nostalgia for that class society, it's all connected, it can't not be connected, but again, relatively harmless".
Amis retells the story of how Kingsley met the Queen on several occasions and "even used to have erotic dreams about her".
He describes the "peculiar atmosphere" which envelops Britain during events like a coronation or jubilee as "entirely irrational but entirely benign".
Amis discloses that he succumbs to the "tribal" pull of football, whenever England plays Germany. "A sort of mass hysteria comes over you - I am invaded by the emotions of religion and war. I don't like it and ... I hate the opponents and I love my team and it's shameful that that's real."
The writer identifies the "thrill of violence" which attracts the "true hooligan".