"Better late than never."
So said Governor-General Dame Patsy Reddy when she took part in a reconciliation ceremony atop Russell's Maiki (Flagstaff) Hill early on Monday morning, 160 years to the day after one of her predecessors was first invited.
For Dame Patsy it was a case of taking care of "unfinished business" and promoting better understanding of New Zealand history; for the many Maori who turned out it was a chance to heal the hurt of a historical snub.
The tale of Hone Heke and his men felling Russell's flagpole four times, the final time signalling the start of the Northern War of 1845-46, is well known. Less well known is that Heke put up the flagpole in the first place to fly New Zealand's first flag, or that Maihi Kawiti, son of Heke's ally Te Ruki Kawiti, had a replacement erected as a symbol of peace and reconciliation.
The new flagpole was made from a kauri felled at Whangae, near Kawakawa, and carried up the hill by 500 warriors. It was named Whakakotahitanga-o-nga-iwi-e-rua (the coming together of two peoples) on January 29, 1858.
As speaker after speaker reminded those gathered on the hill on Monday, that the Governor of the day, Thomas Gore Browne, was in the Bay of Islands at the time but snubbed the peace-making ceremony, apparently on the advice of officials wary of Maori intentions.
In preceding years the government had refused to help pay for the new flagpole, leaving hapu to raise the money themselves.
Another invitation, when a new plaque was unveiled in 1932, met a similar response.
As the successor to Governor Gore Browne, Dame Patsy said she had come to the Bay of Islands 160 years later with a strong sense of unfinished business.
"I hope you agree it's better late than never," she said.
Taking part had taught her a chapter of New Zealand history she had had no idea about. she said.
"Everyone knows the story of Hone Heke chopping down the flagpole, but nobody knew the story of northern Maori replacing it and paying for it themselves as a symbol of kotahitanga, or unity, between the Crown and Maori."
Dame Patsy said she felt humbled by the pride, sorrow and joy she saw in the descendants of Hone Heke and Maihi Kawiti during the ceremony, first atop Maiki Hill, then on the lawn next to Kororareka Marae.
Ngati Manu leader Arapeta Hamilton said the 160-year wait was "an indication that we never forget, no matter how it takes".
The ceremony was led by Colwyn Shortland and Huhana Lyndon, a descendant of Kawiti, who said the event was a lead-up to the first national commemorations of the New Zealand Wars (March 9-11) at Waitangi and Kororareka (Russell).
New Zealand history needed to be better understood and embedded in the national curriculum, she said.
"Let's do this, let's work together on sharing our histories as one nation."
The ceremony was hosted by Kororareka Marae in conjunction with Te Au Marie, a committee charged with organising next year's Northland commemorations of 250 years since Captain Cook's visit.
The flagpole, extensively restored in 1991-93, is used by the people of Russell on 12 occasions a year, including Waitangi Day and the anniversary of the Battle of Ruapekapeka Pa.
* Maihi Kawiti's peace overtures were not entirely ignored. Governor Gore Brown gifted him an official seal carved from ivory in the shape of Queen Victoria's hand.
His descendants, including 89-year-old great-grandson Te Raumoa Kawiti, took the treasured Rongomau (peace) Seal to the ceremony.