The International Cricket Council has shouldered arms in response to every send-off, run-in, accusation, antagonistic act and misdeed that occurred in Bangalore, refusing to charge a single player involved in the spiteful second test between Australia and India.

The ICC has cleared opposing captains Virat Kohli, Steve Smith and their respective sides of any wrong-doing in Bangalore. Kohli and Smith head-lined a long list of players who risked incurring the wrath of the sport's governing body.

Umpires Richard Illingworth and Nigel Llong struggled to control various spotfires during the game, which the hosts won by 75 runs to level the four-test series at 1-1.

The ICC has formally backed match referee Chris Broad's decision not to level any charges. That is likely to mean there will be no shortage of rancour in Ranchi, where the series continues next Thursday.

Advertisement

The only carrot or stick being waved at players in an effort to ensure there is less aggression and confrontation next time is a pre-match captains' meeting with Richie Richardson, who is replacing Broad as match referee for the third and fourth tests.

"We would encourage both teams to focus their energies on the third test in Ranchi next week," ICC chief executive David Richardson said. "Ahead of that, the match referee will bring both captains together to remind them of their responsibilities to the game.

"We have just witnessed a magnificent game of test cricket, where players from both teams gave their all, and emotions were running high during and after the match."

Smith illegally looked towards the changeroom for advice on whether or not to review an lbw dismissal on Day Four, contritely calling it a "brain fade". Kohli stormed across the pitch and confronted Smith at the time.

Kohli sensationally accused Australia of systematically cheating with regards to the Decision Review System. The unsubstantiated claims were branded "outrageous" by Cricket Australia chief James Sutherland.

The firebrand also straddled the line of dissent, after a failed review in his second innings. Kohli and Cheteshwar Pujara, who has since boasted about sledging David Warner, also targeted many batsmen with non-stop antagonistic verbals.

Both umpires repeatedly talked to Kohli, but tensions never simmered. Mitchell Starc both delivered and received a send-off, while Ajinkya Rahane, Ravichandran Ashwin and Steve O'Keefe were all rebuked by officials during the contest.

"They were talking a lot and probably sledging is something, which, as a unit, we felt that we can give them back," Pujara said, in a video on the website of Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI)

"They were always under pressure when they walk into bat. I wanted to make sure their batsmen are thinking about it, especially David Warner.

"Whenever he walks into bat, Ash [Ashwin] is always happy, so I always keep reminding him that Ash is the one [bowler who has dismissed Warner more than any other in Tests]."