Carrying possessions in plastic bags, some weary Bahamians whose homes were smashed by Hurricane Dorian waited yesterday for a flight out of the disaster zone as an international humanitarian effort to help the Caribbean country gained momentum. The death toll rose to 30.

A few hundred people gathered at the partly flooded Leonard M. Thompson airport on Abaco island in hopes of getting a seat on one of the small planes picking up the most vulnerable survivors, including the sick and the elderly. However, the evacuation was slow and there was frustration for some who said they had nowhere to go after the Category 5 hurricane tore through the area, shattering whole neighbourhoods.

People arrive walking to a private airport in the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian, looking to hitch a ride, in Marsh Harbor, Abaco Island, Bahamas. Photo / AP
People arrive walking to a private airport in the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian, looking to hitch a ride, in Marsh Harbor, Abaco Island, Bahamas. Photo / AP

"They told us that the babies, the pregnant people and the elderly people were supposed to be first preference," said Lukya Thompson, a 23-year-old bartender. But many were still waiting, she said.

Despite hardship and uncertainty, those at the airport were mostly calm. The Bahamian health ministry said helicopters and boats were on the way to help people in affected areas, though warned of delays because of severe flooding and limited access.

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At the port, some of those who lined up behind a yellow cloth tape arrived as early as 1am, hoping to get to Nassau.

"It's going to get crazy soon," said Serge Simon, 39, who drives an ice truck and waited with his wife and two sons, 5 months old and 4. "There's no food, no water. There are bodies in the water. People are going to start getting sick."

People wait in Marsh Harbour Port to be evacuated to Nassau, in Abaco, Bahamas yesterday. Photo / AP
People wait in Marsh Harbour Port to be evacuated to Nassau, in Abaco, Bahamas yesterday. Photo / AP

There were no government-organised evacuations yet, but the Royal Bahamas Defense Force helped people board a 142-metre ferry that had come to pick up its employees and had room for an additional 160 people. The crowd waited calmly as marines separated women and children to let them board first.

Also, a barge that had dropped off port-a-potties and heavy equipment in Abaco took some 300 people to Nassau.

At least 30 people died in the hurricane and the number could be "significantly higher," Bahamian health minister Duane Sands told the Associated Press in a telephone interview Thursday night. The victims are from Abaco and Grand Bahama islands and include some who had been injured and flown to New Providence island, he said.

People wait in Marsh Harbour Port to be evacuated to Nassau, in Abaco, Bahamas yesterday. Some started queueing at 1am to get off the island. Photo / AP
People wait in Marsh Harbour Port to be evacuated to Nassau, in Abaco, Bahamas yesterday. Some started queueing at 1am to get off the island. Photo / AP

The search for victims and survivors goes on, meanwhile, five days after Dorian slammed the Bahamas with 295kmh winds that obliterated countless homes. Officials said 30 people have been confirmed dead, but the toll is sure to rise.

An array of organisations, countries and companies — including the United Nations, the US government, the British Royal Navy, American Airlines and Royal Caribbean — have mobilised to send in food, water, generators, roof tarps, diapers, flashlights and other supplies.

The United Nations announced the purchase of eight tons of ready-to-eat meals and said it will provide satellite communications equipment and airlift storage units, generators and prefab offices to set up logistics hubs. UN humanitarian chief Mark Lowcock said about 70,000 people "are in immediate need of life-saving assistance" on Grand Bahama and Abaco.

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A British Royal Navy ship docked at Abaco and distributed supplies to hurricane survivors.

On Grand Bahama, a Royal Caribbean cruise ship dropped off 10,000 meals, 10,000 bottles of water and more than 180 generators, as well as nappies and flashlights.

Royal Caribbean crew are joined by Bahamian volunteers in landing relief supplies in Freeport Harbour, on Grand Bahama. Photo / AP
Royal Caribbean crew are joined by Bahamian volunteers in landing relief supplies in Freeport Harbour, on Grand Bahama. Photo / AP

American Airlines said it flew a Boeing 737 from Miami to Nassau to drop off 6350kg of relief supplies. The airline is also giving frequent-flyer points to customers who donate at least $25 to the Red Cross.

Troops from the Rhode Island National Guard will be heading to the Bahamas to help. The Guard will mobilise three C-130J cargo aircraft that will depart from the Quonset Air National Guard Base on Friday, state officials said.

Some dazed survivors of Hurricane Dorian made their way back to a shantytown where they used to live, hoping to gather up some of their soggy belongings.

The community was known as The Mudd — or "Da Mudd," as it's often pronounced — and it was built by thousands of Haitian migrants over decades. It was razed in a matter of hours by Dorian, which reduced it to piles of splintered plywood and two-by-fours 1m to 1.5m deep, spread over an area equal to several football fields.

Extensive damage and destruction in the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian is seen in an area called The Mudd at Marsh Harbour in Great Abaco Island on Thursday. Photo / AP
Extensive damage and destruction in the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian is seen in an area called The Mudd at Marsh Harbour in Great Abaco Island on Thursday. Photo / AP

A helicopter buzzed overhead as people picked through the debris, avoiding a body that lay tangled underneath a tree branch next to twisted sheets of corrugated metal, its hands stretched toward the sky. It was one of at least nine bodies that people said they had seen in the area.

"Ain't nobody come to get them," said Cardot Ked, a 43-year-old carpenter from Haiti who has lived 25 years in Abaco. "If we could get to the next island, that's the best thing we can do."

Ked was one of thousands of desperate people seeking help in Dorian's aftermath. With winds of 295kmh, the hurricane obliterated houses on the Bahamas' Abaco and Grand Bahama islands.

Crews in Grand Bahama worked to reopen the airport and used heavy equipment to pick up branches and palm fronds. Lines formed outside gas stations and grocery stores.

"People will be out of jobs for months," 67-year-old wood carver Gordon Higgs lamented. "They'll be homeless, no food. Nothing."

Total property losses, not including infrastructure and autos, could reach $7 billion, the firm Karen Clark & Co. estimated.

The extensive damage and destruction in the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian is seen in The Mudd, which was built by thousands of Haitian migrants over decades. Photo / AP
The extensive damage and destruction in the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian is seen in The Mudd, which was built by thousands of Haitian migrants over decades. Photo / AP

On Thursday, medical officials moved hundreds of people left homeless by the storm out of the main hospital in Abaco to shelters in schools and other government buildings.

Some were angry at being asked to leave, or at not being allowed to freely enter to visit hurt relatives, and a shouting match erupted at the main door between a small group of hurricane victims and Bahamas marines.

Abaco and Grand Bahama islands are known for their marinas, golf courses and all-inclusive resorts and are home to many fishermen, labourers and hotel workers.

At the Leonard M. Thompson airport, Rashad Reckley, a 30-year-old saxophonist, played the Bob Marley song Three Little Birds for people who had lost their homes.

"I want to lift up everybody's spirits after all the tragedy that happened," said Reckley, who said he had exhausted his repertoire after playing for hours.

"They want me to play more," Reckley said. "But I can't think of songs to play."

- AP