Embattled tech CEO Elizabeth Holmes was all smiles as she fronted court yesterday — and it seems her confidence was not misplaced.

The 35-year-old recently scored a significant legal win in the lead up to her fraud trial, due to take place next August.

The woman who was once the youngest and wealthiest self-made female billionaire in America is facing decades behind bars, and her case has captivated the public both in the US and the world.

Who is Elizabeth Holmes?

The disgraced former billionaire shot to fame after founding her revolutionary blood testing company Theranos in 2003 at just 19 years of age.

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It claimed to have invented blood tests that only required very small amounts of blood from a fingerprick instead of a needle.

Theranos raised more than US$700 million ($1.03 billion) from venture capitalists and private investors, resulting in a US$10b valuation at its peak in 2013 and 2014.

In 2015, Holmes was celebrated as the youngest and wealthiest self-made female billionaire in the US with an estimated net worth of US$4.5b.

But in 2016, everything started to fall apart.

That multibillion-dollar estimated fortune was slashed to $0 by Forbes as Holmes was faced with mounting allegations of potential fraud, which allegedly duped investors out of millions.

She and former Theranos chief operating officer and president Ramesh "Sunny" Balwani were charged with nine counts of wire fraud and two counts of conspiracy to commit wire fraud, with both pleading not guilty.

In September 2018, Theranos was shut down for good.

The trial is due to start in August 2020.

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New legal win

Although Holmes has been hit with setback after setback, she has just enjoyed a rare legal win.

She appeared in a San Jose courtroom on Wednesday, ditching her trademark black turtleneck — modelled on her hero Steve Jobs — for a stylish, sleeveless black dress and blazer.

She seemed relaxed and even smiled for cameras upon arrival, but ignored questions from waiting reporters including CNBC's Yasmin Khorram, who asked if she would ever make a public statement on the scandal.

Holmes has remained notoriously tight-lipped regarding her downfall.

According to Bloomberg, her lawyers had demanded "millions of documents" from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) which they argued would be crucial to her defence.

The FDA had claimed they would take up to six months to hand over — a time frame her lawyers had slammed as hurting her case.

Last month, lawyer Lance A. Wade said prosecutors who had access to those documents enjoyed an unfair advantage, but that when Holmes' team tried to access them "suddenly the regulatory haze appears in front of all of these requests", Bloomberg reported him as saying.

At a sentencing hearing this week, US district judge Edward Davila agreed six months was "too long".

Holmes is also after records from the Centres for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the judge ordered the agencies to produce them within 75 days.

Holmes and Balwani claim those documents could help them prove they were unaware that Theranos' tests were inaccurate and that they had therefore not knowingly misrepresented the company's achievements.

However, the FDA is concerned the documents in question could effectively out an anonymous whistleblower.

The trial is due to commence in August 2020 but if the FDA fails to provide the documents, it is feared it could cause a delay.