A woman has died following a crash involving two cars in rural Canterbury.

The collision happened near Doyleston, about 3km east of Leeston and 30km southwest of Christchurch, on Saturday morning.

The 44-year-old local woman died in Christchurch Hospital late Saturday night, the police said.

Emergency services were called to the crash at the intersection of Volckman and Drain Road at 9.44am.

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The driver of the other vehicle involved remains in Christchurch Hospital.

The Serious Crash Unit is investigating.

"Police's thoughts are with the woman's family and friends at this time," a police spokesperson said.

The road toll this year is 134 from January 1 to Friday, compared with 127 deaths in the same period last year.