By Kevin Atkinson
Baby boomers sang along with the Beatles and the Rolling Stones, made space in their living rooms for the television, saw the introduction of contraception and planned parenthood; and now they are changing the way we live in retirement.
Since baby boomers started retiring (even just planning their retirement), they have challenged the traditions of retirement living.
Many now plan to continue working; while others lobby for the retirement age to be brought down to cater for those who've worked in physical jobs and don't have the health or strength to continue working to 65 or beyond.
The accepted norms for retirement living have also been well and truly challenged.
Over the last 20 or so years we've seen the development of retirement villages offering licences to occupy and a secure, cocooned lifestyle amongst fellow retirees, with services at their fingertips and continuity of care all but guaranteed.
We've also seen the development of a slightly different style of retirement complex where people own their own unit and have access to a range of on-site services.
We're seeing increasing demand for family homes that can accommodate several generations of the same family – each enjoying their own personal space but having communal areas where they can come together as a family.
We're also seeing many retirees who want to preserve their independence and live in their own home for as long as possible – just possibly not the same home they have lived in until now.
Some of these retirees might choose retirement village living if they could afford it, but that's not an option that's open or appealing to everyone.
Many councils, landowners and developers are not yet taking this market into account and are still encouraging and creating subdivisions, with all the sections and homes too big for people looking to downsize.
Where sections are small, there is the expectation the house built on it will be two storey.
New homes built in New Zealand have grown bigger and bigger (even when the sections are small) but there are plenty of retirees who want a smaller, single level home where they can age in the community they have chosen to live much of their life.
I'm convinced the answer lies in providing options that meet differing tastes and differing budgets.
The need for a wide range of options is important now and will become even more relevant over the next 10-15 years as more baby boomers move into retirement.
Retirement Commissioner Diane Maxwell also recently highlighted the need to provide options for those reaching retirement.
She spoke about the need to provide "good housing stock" that is right for retirees and older New Zealanders – and said this includes retirees staying put and ageing in place, as well as buying the right to live in a retirement village.
We regularly hear retirees say that finding an existing small property on a small section in their existing neighbourhood is hard enough - but then they look at the work that's needed to get that house to the standard they expect and decide it isn't worth it.
In many of those cases, they end up building a home that's much larger than they originally wanted – but the house is new and has everything they want.
"Downsizing" means downsizing of maintenance – inside and out – but with better planning we could be building smaller houses on smaller sections interspersed amongst standard family homes so retirees can live in a regular community wherever they choose to.
Smaller homes won't appeal only to retirees. They will also be a useful addition to our overall housing stock and attractive to first-home buyers, who want to start out with a more modest and affordable home.
Making smaller homes on smaller sections easily available also means that when retirees sell up the family home they are likely to need less of that capital to purchase their next home – freeing up the difference to spend in their retirement.
Currently about 70 per cent of people aged 65 and over own their own home without a mortgage; and another 14 per cent own their own home but still owe money to the bank. In 20 years' time housing affordability in this country means that more renters will be entering retirement and our need for options will be even greater.
As the Retirement Commissioner says: We need different models that will work for people.
I'm not advocating one style of living over another.
What I am advocating though, is for the availability of choices.
For this to be really effective, we need to plan for it, rather than let it happen in an ad hoc way. Bigger isn't always better.
❏ Kevin Atkinson, chief executive of Generation Homes, has been a Government housing advisor and is a media commentator on the building industry.