Sailors shouted above blaring alarms and other loud noises for several minutes as the cargo ship Golden Ray listed to one side and finally overturned a year ago along the US coast of Georgia, according to an audio recording played Monday during a government hearing on the shipwreck.
The recording from the ship's black box was among the first pieces of evidence US Coast Guard investigators presented on the opening day of public hearings expected to last more than a week.
The South Korean-owned Golden Ray capsized with more than 4200 cars in its cargo decks shortly after departing the Port of Brunswick on September 8 last year. The 200m ship, with its cargo still inside, remains stuck at the edge of the shipping channel off St Simons Island, about 110km south of Savannah.
The audio played yesterday accompanied an animation that followed the ship's course based on data from the black box recorder. It appeared to show the Golden Ray entering a turn to its starboard side when the chaos broke out.
"Whoa!" says a man's voice less than a minute into the turn. Another man soon asks: "What's going on, Captain?"
A series of loud, crashing noises erupt, followed soon by alarms. Sailors can be heard shouting "Hard port!" and "Stand by anchor!" About a minute after the commotion begins, a voice says: "We're on our side over here."
After what sound like futile efforts to right the ship, a voice asks if all watertight doors and compartments have been sealed.
"We're aground at this point and the tide's coming in," a man says on the recording. He soon adds: "Captain, it's best that we stay on the sandbar here... That way it doesn't sink in the sound."
No evidence of equipment failure
It's unclear from the recording what caused the Golden Ray to capsize.
Captain Blake Welborn, the Coast Guard officer presiding over the hearings, said that investigators found no evidence of failures in the vessel's safety equipment, communications equipment or machinery that contributed to the wreck.
Built in 2017, the Golden Ray had last been inspected by the Coast Guard in May 2019 — about four months before the ship capsized.
The Golden Ray overturned in the sound between St Simons and Jekyll Islands. Because it's deep and wide, local harbour pilots who steer ships into port and back to sea prefer the sound for passing oncoming vessels, said Bruce Fendig, a senior member of the Brunswick Bar Pilots Association.
Was storm to blame?
Hurricane Dorian brushed the Georgia coast just a few days before the Golden Ray capsized, but harbour pilots found no damage or disruption to the waterway or its navigational buoys, Fendig testified. He said 12 other ships had safely navigated the channel between the storm's passing and the Golden Ray's departure.
"The storm wasn't that significant for us," said Fendig, who was not the pilot aboard the Golden Ray.
The Coast Guard has blocked out more than a week to hear testimony in the port city of Brunswick. As a precaution against coronavirus infections, the public is not allowed to attend in person. Instead, the hearings are being streamed live online.
Planned witnesses include the Golden Ray's captain, the Georgia-based harbor pilot in charge of steering the ship when it capsized, and an executive of Hyundai Glovis, the shipping company that owns the vessel.
It could take another year before investigators publish a report of their findings, with recommendations aimed at improving safety.
Separate from the investigation, a multiagency command has spent the past year making plans to carve the ship into eight giant chunks to be hauled away by barges. Officials hope to begin the first cut sometime in October.