Saudi Arabia's state-owned oil giant Aramco announced Sunday it will sell a 1.5 per cent stake in the company as it looks to raise as much as $25.6 billion from the sale, potentially becoming the most-valuable initial public offering in history.

The newly released figures also revealed a valuation for the company that's between $1.6 trillion and $1.7 trillion, a figure that fell short of the $2t mark Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had sought.

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Prince Mohammed initially wanted to sell as much as 5 per cent of the company.


Still, a 1.5 per cent flotation could raise between $24b and $25.6b to help fuel the Saudi economy. Saudi Aramco announced it will have 200 billion regular shares, selling 1.5 per cent or what is 3 billion shares.

Aramco set a stock price range of 30 to 32 Saudi riyals, or US$8 to $8.50 a share for investors.

The company is selling 0.5 per cent to individual investors, which will include Saudi citizens, residents of Saudi Arabia and Gulf Arab nationals, and 1 per cent to institutional investors, which could include major Chinese and Russian buyers.

Aramco will announce the final price for the stock when the book-building period ends on December 5. Trading on the local Tadawul exchange in Riyadh is expected to happen sometime in mid-December.

The highly anticipated sale of a sliver of the company has been generating global buzz because it could clock in as the world's biggest initial public offering, surpassing record holder Alibaba whose IPO raised $21.8b on its first day of trading in 2014. Facebook raised $16b in its 2012 IPO.

Saudi Aramco is the kingdom's oil and gas producer, pumping more than 10 million barrels of crude oil a day, or some 10 per cent of global demand. The firm's net income in 2018 was $111.1 billion, far beyond the combined net income of oil giants BP PLC, Chevron Corp., Exxon Mobil Corp., Royal Dutch Shell PLC and Total SA.

The kingdom's plan to sell part of the company is part of a wider economic overhaul aimed at raising new streams of revenue for the oil-dependent country, particularly as oil prices struggle to reach the $75 to $80 price range per barrel analysts say is needed to balance Saudi Arabia's budget. Brent crude is trading at just over $63 a barrel.

Prince Mohammed has said listing Aramco is one way for the kingdom to raise capital for the country's sovereign wealth fund, which would then use that revenue to develop new cities and lucrative projects across Saudi Arabia.


Despite Aramco's profitability, the state's control of the company carries a number of risks for investors.

Worldwide worries grow over climate change. The government also stipulates oil production levels, which directly impacts Aramco's output.

Meanwhile, two key Aramco processing sites were targeted by drones and missiles in September, an attack which claimed by Iran-backed Houthi rebels in neighboring Yemen but which the US blamed on Iran. Iran denies the allegation.

- AP