Infratil, the publicly listed infrastructure investor, has begun a strategic review of its ownership of NZ Bus after concluding negotiations for contracts for Wellington and Auckland commuter services valued at $1.3 billion.
"Infratil will engage with market participants over the coming months to consider proposals which may include outright sale, merger or other options," chief executive Marko Bogoievski said in a statement.
"The strategic review will assess all options against retention of the status quo with a view to maximising value and employee and other stakeholder outcomes. It is expected that this process will be concluded within six months."
Infratil agreed five long-term contracts in Wellington last month and secured 20 long-term contracts in Western, Central and Northern regions of Auckland last October.
The Auckland contracts are for an average nine years and have a total value of $1b while the Wellington contracts average 10.8 years and have a value of about $323 million.
Last year, Infratil said NZ Bus's loss of certain public transport contracts meant it would shrink to about two-thirds its original scale, with 75 per cent of the business in Auckland and 25 per cent in Wellington.
In May 2017, NZ Bus lost most of its bus contract with the Greater Wellington Regional Council to Masterton-based Tranzit Group, which the council said could offer the service cheaper, reducing its share of services to 28 per cent from 73 per cent.
NZ Bus contributed $17.9m to Infratil's $291m in first-half underlying earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation and financial adjustments, a 28 per cent drop on the year-earlier period which it said at the time reflected the loss of South Auckland services and costs to transition to a new operating model.
NZ Bus was valued at $179m as at September 30, down from $191m a year earlier, while Infratil's total assets were $2.79b.
Infratil has retained UBS New Zealand as an adviser for the review.
Infratil shares fell 2.3 per cent to $3.03.