A Tauranga school's right to get tough on pot-puffing international pupils is under examination.
Three pupils excluded from Tauranga Boys' College for smoking marijuana did so outside of school grounds and time.
This means the school has no power to suspend under education law but the school argues the trio - German exchange pupils - were kicked out of class because they breached a contract with the college.
The issue began in March 2014, when five boys used the drug one of them had acquired through their home-stay family.
Three were excluded from class, something the International Education Appeal Authority criticised.
But the college argued it was in the right and, at a hearing in the High Court at Wellington yesterday, sought a judicial review of the authority's decision.
The lawyer for the school board of trustees, Jessica Dickson, said the authority wrongly characterised the school's actions as a suspension on disciplinary grounds, which was not allowed. It was instead a breach-of-contract matter between the school and the pupils, whose names are suppressed, and the authority was wrong to say education law overrode that.
The contracts signed by the boys' parents said the youngsters must abide by New Zealand laws, not take non-prescribed drugs and abide by Tauranga Boys' College rules.
Ms Dickson said the school board did not accept the situation was handled unfairly, in that two boys weren't excluded. That decision was based on "circumstances, including their reaction to the incident and subsequent behaviour" and their risk to others, and it was "nonsense" to say schools have no power over international pupils in these situations.
Jason McHerron, a lawyer appointed to help the court, said while Tauranga Boys' College might have wanted the matter to be a contract dispute, it instead suspended the pupils for disciplinary actions, which Ms Dickson agreed was unlawful.
"It's important Your Honour approach your decision with what really happened rather than what the school imagined happened or would like to have happened," Mr McHerron told Justice Rebecca Ellis.
The judge said she was concerned the school might have breached the boys' right to natural justice in its handling of the matter, including putting "essentially criminal allegations" to one boy without an interpreter, when the pupil did not speak English well.
"I struggle to see how a school can even enter a contract which governs people's private lives," Justice Ellis said.
She also wondered why the school didn't intervene about earlier allegations of one pupil drinking alcohol at a party.
The school board's application was academic to the three boys concerned, who were now back in Germany. But the school had requested guidance for the future.
The authority would operate in its present state until later this year.
The judge reserved her decision.