A 'tranformative' moment for Clinton: 1995 Beijing speech

Flying across the Pacific on an Air Force jet bound for Beijing, first lady Hillary Clinton huddled deep into the night with a few aides and advisers, honing her speech for the U.N. Fourth World Conference on Women.

It was 1995, and it had been a bruising first few years in the White House: Troopergate, Travelgate, Whitewater. Not to mention the failure of her own high-profile efforts " unprecedented for a first lady " to reform the nation's health care.

Even her trip to China had provoked controversy. There were objections in some quarters to a first lady wading into tricky diplomatic waters and addressing issues like human rights abuses. Some in Congress called the conference "anti-family" and felt the United States shouldn't be attending at all. Some feared offending the Chinese with criticism; others feared the hosts might use the U.S. participation " and the first lady's " as propaganda.

In the end, Clinton decided to make the trip, hoping to "push the envelope as far as I can on behalf of women and girls."

"All eyes were now on Beijing, and I knew that all eyes would be on me, too," she writes in her memoir, "Living History."

But as she rose to the podium, and even after she had stepped down to thunderous applause, Clinton had no idea the impact the moment would have, she says. More than two decades later, that 21-minute speech " with its declaration that "Human rights are women's rights, and women's rights are human rights" " remains one of her signature moments in public life.

It also stands out as a moment Clinton began to truly forge an identity as a public figure on the world stage, apart from her husband.

"It gave her a platform that was instantly recognizable, one that she could utilize in a very efficacious way to make a difference," says Melanne Verveer, Clinton's chief of staff at the time.

And while Clinton was no stranger to the subject she addressed " she had long been an advocate for women and children " the Beijing speech would set a course for the issues with which she would be involved for the rest of her career, especially as secretary of state, says Verveer, who later served as the first U.S. ambassador-at-large for global women's issues.

"It played a major role in who she would become. It really was one of those evolutionary, transformative moments."

And it almost didn't happen. A few months earlier, Chinese-American dissident Harry Wu had been arrested upon entering China and charged with espionage, throwing the participation of the U.S. delegation and Clinton, its honorary chair, into limbo. He was finally released less than a month before the conference; Clinton writes that there was "never a quid pro quo."

She and her aides flew from Hawaii, where President Clinton was speaking on the anniversary of V-J Day at Pearl Harbor. Working on the draft while others slept, the group was keenly aware that "one wrong word in this speech might lead to a diplomatic brouhaha," Clinton writes.

Hours later, she took the microphone in the large hall. She began by telling the delegates that when women are healthy, educated and free from violence, with a chance to work and learn, their families flourish, too. About halfway through, she declared: "It's time to break the silence. It's time for us to say here, for the world to hear, that it is no longer acceptable to discuss women's rights as separate from human rights."

With emphasis on the word "human" each time, she listed abuses against women " and called them human rights violations (she did not mention China by name). Then came her most famous line: "If there is one message that echoes forth from this conference, let it be that human rights are women's rights, and women's rights are human rights, once and for all."

Once the words had been translated for all to digest, the reaction was thunderous. "People have tears running down their cheeks, they're stomping their feet," Verveer recalls. In her memoir, Clinton writes that despite the reaction, she still had no idea "that my 21-minute speech would become a manifesto for women all over the world."

It's difficult to understand, in 2016, just how new Clinton's message felt, says Kathy Spillar, executive director of the Feminist Majority Foundation.

"We look back 21 years later, and we go, 'duh' " but it was groundbreaking at the time," she says. "It was huge " the first lady of the United States saying this, just outright. Many women were coming from countries where discrimination against women disguised as cultural practice was widely happening. Even the U.N. as a whole hadn't embraced this agenda ... it was just an extraordinary moment in the centuries-long struggle for women's full human rights around the world."

This story has been automatically published from the Associated Press wire which uses US spellings

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