United States President Barack Obama has hit out at Moscow's expansionism as a "sign of weakness" after Russia took control of the Crimean peninsula from Ukraine, fuelling fears of further intervention.
"Russia is a regional power that is threatening some of its immediate neighbours, not out of strength but out of weakness," Obama told journalists after a Nuclear Security Summit in The Hague yesterday.
Obama said that while the US also has influence over its neighbours, "we generally don't need to invade them in order to have a strong co-operative relationship with them".
The Crimean crisis has sparked the most explosive East-West confrontation since the Cold War and fanned fears in Kiev that Russian President Vladimir Putin now intends to push his troops into southeast Ukraine.
"The fact that Russia felt [the need] to go in militarily and lay bare these violations of international law indicates less influence, not more," Obama said, rejecting Putin's claim that Russian speakers had been threatened in Crimea and Ukraine.
"There has been no evidence that Russian speakers have been in any way threatened," Obama said, the day after western powers cancelled a Group of Eight summit by suspending Russia from the club of rich nations.
"It is important for everybody to be clear and strip away some of the possible excuses for potential Russian action," he said, before heading for his first European Union-US summit in Brussels.
Ukraine's Parliament yesterday sacked the crisis-hit country's Defence Minister, after his forces undertook a humiliating withdrawal from Crimea without firing a shot against Russian forces who claimed the Black Sea peninsula.
Russian troops later stormed the last naval vessel still flying the Ukrainian flag on Crimea, the Cherkasy trawler.
"The assault team is on board the Cherkasy. The crew has been barricaded inside the trawler. The assault is on," said Defence Ministry spokesman Vladyslav Seleznyov in a statement posted to Facebook.
The self-proclaimed, pro-Moscow leader of the Crimean port city of Sevastopol, Alexey Chaly, meanwhile disbanded its pro-Russian militia, saying, "the revolution is over".
"We are starting to live according to Russian laws," he told militia commanders.
The effective loss of Crimea - though recognised by no Western power - has dealt a heavy psychological blow to many Ukrainians, who have already spent the past years mired in corruption and economic malaise.
Ukraine's ground commanders in Crimea had complained bitterly of confusion among the top brass in Kiev since Putin's decision on March 1 to seek the right to use force against his neighbour in response to last month's fall of the pro-Kremlin regime of Viktor Yanukovych.
Yesterday's Parliament session gave Ukrainian MPs a chance to voice growing frustrations with how the new Western-backed leaders have handled their jobs since coming to power on the back of three months of deadly protests whose ultimate aim was to eliminate the corruption and Kremlin dependence that have weighed on Ukraine throughout its post-Soviet history.
"We gave up Crimea to the Russians thanks to our unprofessionalism," independent MP Igor Palytsya fumed.
"We gave up Crimea thanks to our indecision," he said.
Tensions between the two neighbours seemed ready to spike further when Russian television aired what it claimed was a tape of former Ukrainian Premier Yulia Tymoshenko - an opposition leader released from jail after the pro-Kremlin regime's fall - urging the "wiping out" of Russians over the seizure of Crimea.
Tymoshenko admitted that her voice was on the tape but insisted that her comments had been manipulated.
Obama's G7 summit in The Hague sought to ward off the threat of further Russian expansion with a more forceful response after two rounds of targeted sanctions that hit only specific officials, but left Russia's broader economy untouched.